BAUDH

 

 

BAUDH (Princely State)

 

 

 

 

AREA: 3274 km2 PRIVY PURSE: 69,300Rs ACCESSION: 1st January 1948
STATE: Orissa DYNASTY: Bhanj  RELIGION: Hindu
POPULATION: 130,103 (1921)

 

 

PRESENT RULER: Raja DEBENDRA
PRASAD DEO
, 5th and present Raja Saheb of Baudh

 

 

 

 

PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The
Sonepur Copper
Plate of Satrubhanja Dev, son of Silabhanja mentions the name Khinjali
Mandala for the first time and on this basis it is believed that
Silabhanja Dev was the founder of Bhanja Kula of Khinjali
Mandala. Their capital was Dhirtipura, which has been identified
with Baudh town. Raja Satrubhanja Dev II, was
defeated and killed by the Somavansi ruler of South Kosala, Raja
Janmeyjaya I. The Bhanja’s were driven out from the Baudh region which
was
renamed as Odra Desa. Raja Yayati  I, the son and successor of
Janmejaya I established his capital in Odradesa at Yayatinagara,
which has been identified with modern Jagati in Baudh District. The
Somavansi then occupied and migrated towards Utkala leaving their
original home land of South-Kosala in charge of viceroys. In course of
time Kosala was lost to them and was occupied by the Telugu-Chodas and
the Kalachuris. The imperial Gangas of Kalinga, after their occupation
of Utkala, entered into a protracted struggle with the Kalachuris for
one hundred years for the occupation of Kosala region. It is
evident from the Chatesvar Inscription ( 1220 AD) that the struggle
finally ended in favour of the Gangas during the reign of Anangabhima
Deva III and there after Baudh along with Sonepur came under the
Ganga Rule and was administered by the Ganga Administrators. In
course of time, the Ganga Administrators became semi-independent and
ruled over this territory hereditarily. So far tradition goes, there
emerged a Brahmin ruling family in Baudh. Gandhamardan Dev, the last
Brahmin ruler of this family, being childless adopted one, Ananga
Bhanja
of Keonjhar royal family. He succeeded Gandharmardhan Dev
and laid the foundation of the rule of the Bhanjas in Baudh in the
first half of fourteenth century AD. He changed his surname from
Bhanja to Dev and was known as Ananga Dev. In 1498-99, the then Raja
of Baudh state had made a gift of Dasapalla territory extending from
Kamaimuhan near Kantilo to Udandi muhan in the east to his younger
brother, Narayan Dev, who asserted his independence and made Dasapalla
a
separate state.  Again the strip of territory lying between the
Kharang river on the west of Boudh and Amaimuhan was given by Raja
Madan Mohan Dev in 1599-1600 as dowry to his daughters who married
in the Chauhan royal family of Patna State. After the British conquest
of Orissa in 1803, Raja Biswambar Dev
of Boudh submitted to the British and entered into a treaty agreement
with the East India Company on the 3rd March, 1804.
The rulers were…

  • Raja ANANGA BHANJA,
    Raja of Baudh, he was adopted from Keonjhar and later changed his
    surname to Dev.
  • Raja SIDDHABHANJA DEV
    (Siddheswar Dev), Raja of Baudh, he was forced to
    cede the Sonepur region by the Raja of Sambalpur, and which later was
    made a separate state by the Chauhan rulers in 1640.
  • Raja PRATAP DEV,
    Raja of Baudh, little is known of the history of Baudh
    during the Mughal occupation of Orissa, but it is believed that Baudh
    maintained friendly relations with the Mughal subedars in Cuttack, for
    which the Raja was granted the title of Swasti Sri Dhirlakhya
    Dhumbadhipati Jahrkhand Mandaleswar
    , which was
    used by the rulers of Baudh till the time of Raja Banamali Deb.
  • …….
  • Raja of Baudh fl.1728, he changed his mind regarding the
    succession of his adopted son, and decided to give the state to another
    adopted son, but this offended Makund Dev, who sought the help of Raja
    Banamali Singh Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai of Khandpara, who quickly
    defeated the Raja of Baudh and made Makund Dev, Raja of a part of Baudh
    State, this new state was called Daspalla, married and had adoptive
    issue.

    • (A) Makund Dev Bhanj,
      adopted from Mayurbhanj, but was overlooked in the succession, he
      consequently sought help from the
      Raja of Khandpara, Banamali Singh Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai, who was a
      brave and powerful Raja, and an expert in war, he engaged the Raja
      of Baud, and after defeating him made Makund Deb Bhanj, Raja
      over a part of Baudh territory, named
      Daspalla.
  • …….
  • Raja BISHWAMABAR DEV,
    Raja of Baudh 1778/1817, during
    his reign, Baudh, which lay on a vital line of communication between
    Nagpur and Cuttack, came to the notice of the Maratha governors at
    Cuttack, to whom the Raja was paying tribute. Relations were cordial
    until 1800, when the Marathas attacked Baudh
    and defeated the Raja. He was allowed to rule
    as a feudatory Raja by paying regular tribute to the Marathas; after
    the British conquest of Orissa, he submitted to them and entered into a
    treaty with the East India Company on 3rd March 1804; he married and
    had issue. He died 1817.

    • Raja Chandra Shekhar Dev (qv)
  • Raja CHANDRA SHEKHAR DEV,
    Raja of Baudh 1817/1839, in 1821, he received a
    fresh Sanad from the British Government fixing the annual tribute of
    Baudh at 800Rs; he married and had issue. He died 1839.

    • Raja Pitamber Deo 1839/1874 (continued below)

 

    1. Raja PITAMBER DEO,
      1st Raja of Baudh 1874/1879, born 1821, during his reign,
      Khondmal
      was separated from Baudh and was annexed to British India on 15th
      February 1855; the Raja remained loyal to the British, and cooperated
      with them in suppressing human sacrifice and a Khondh rebellion in
      Khondmal for which he was rewarded with a separate sanad,
      formally recognizing his title of Raja on 21st May 1874 (#1); married and had issue.
      He died 1879.

      • Raja Jogendra Deo (qv)
      • Raja Dinabandhu Mahendra Bahadur, he was adopted by
        Maharaja Bhagirath Mahendra Bahadur, Raja of Dhenkanal.

 

    1. Raja JOGENDRA DEO,
      2nd Raja of Baudh 1879/1913, born about 1857, he succeeded
      to the gadi on 5th October
      1879, a benevolent and generous ruler, he
      introduced English education into the state for the first time during
      his reign; married and had issue, one son and seven daughters. He died
      1913.

      • Raja Narayan Prasad Deo (qv)
      • Rajkumari (name unknown) (eldest daughter)
        [Maharani Saheb of Patna], married Maharaja Prithviraj Singh Deo of Patna.
      • Rajkumari (name unknown) (second daughter)
        [Rani Saheb of Khariar], married Raja Vir Vikram Singh Deo of Khariar.
      • Rajkumari (name unknown) (third daughter),
        married a brother of Raja Vir Vikram Singh Deo of Khariar.
      • Rajkumari (name unknown) (fourth daughter),
        married the Zamindar of Thuamal Rampur.
      • Rajkumari (name unknown) (fifth daughter),
        married the Zamindar of Lanjigarh.
      • Rajkumari (name unknown) (sixth daughter) [Rani
        Saheb of Tarla], married the Raja Saheb of Tarla.

 

    1. Raja NARAYAN PRASAD DEO,
      3rd Raja of Baudh 1913/- , C.B.E., born 14th March
      1904 and
      succeeded
      10th
      March 1913, though the administration of the state was managed by the
      court of wards until his formal installation on 14th
      March 1925, educated at Rajkumar College, Raipur; during his reign, he
      successfully put down a political agitation organized in Boudh in
      1930/1931 and adopted stern measures against the Prajamandal Movement
      in 1945. He developed the Jagti village (Yayatinagar) and renamed it
      Narayan Nagar; he married Rani Satyavati Devi, daughter of Raja
      Bibhudendra Deo Samant of Athmalik.
      He died sp.

 

    1. Raja NABIN PRASAD DEO,
      4th Raja of Baudh, born as Rajkumar Nabin Chandra
      Deb, youngest son of the Raja of Parikud. He was adopted to Baudh and
      succeeded there as Raja Nabin Prasad Deo; he married Rani Surokalolini
      Devi [now Rajmata Surokalolini
      Devi of Baudh], born 1954, daughter of Raja Soubhagya Chandra Dev
      Birabar
      Harichandan Mahapatra of Talcher, and
      his wife, Rani Manjushree Devi, and had issue, one son and one daughter.

      • Raja Debendra Prasad Deo (qv)
      • Kumari Chitrangada Devi, married Kumar Anand Singh Deo,
        the only son of Kumar
        Rabindra Naryan Singh Deo of Nua Pacca II, Seraikella. (Bhubaneswar,
        India)

 

  1. Raja DEBENDRA PRASAD DEO,
    5th Rawat of Baudh (see above)

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