BENARES

 

BENARES (Princely State)


(13 gun salute)

 

 

AREA: 2,266 km2 PRIVY PURSE: 280,000Rs ACCESSION: 15th October 1948
STATE: Uttar Pradesh DYNASTY: Gautam (Bhumihar Brahmin) RELIGION: Hindu

 

PRESENT RULER: HH Maharaja
Shri ANANT NARAYAN SINGH
, 10th Maharaja of Benares
(2000/-) (The Ramnagar Palace, Varanasi – 221001,
Uttar
Pradesh,
India)

 

born 1963, married HH Maharani Anamika Devi.

 

PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The
Kingdom of Kashi or Benares was founded by Khsetravridha, son of Ayus,
of the Somavansa dynasty of Pratishthana. It lost independance in 1194
and was eventually ceded by the Nawab of Oudh to the British in 1775
who
recognized Benares as a family dominion. Benares acceded to the status
of State in 1911. The ruling family claims descent from the god Shiva
and
benefited greatly from pilgrimage to Benares. The modern name of
Benares
is Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. Mansa Ram, a Gautam Bhumiyar Zamindar of
Utaria 1737-1740, received most of the Benares territory from the
Governor
of Benares 1737, Balwant Singh 1740-1770, Ruler of Utaria (which name
was
changed to Gangapur), received the territories of Jaunpur, Benares and
Chunar from the Sultan of Delhi. Other places that were under the
protection of the Maharajas of Benares included, Chandauli, Gyanpur,
(site of a large hospital and a school), Chakia, Latifshah (site of the
Maharaja’s forests and hunting grounds), Mirzapur, Nandeshwar, Mint
House and Vindhyachal. Rulers were….

    1. Shri MANSA RAM,
      Zamindar of Utaria 1737/1740, married and had issue.

      • Raja Balwant Singh Singh (qv)

 

    1. Raja BALWANT SINGH,
      Raja of Benares 1740/1770, born 1711, the best
      administrator
      that the
      people
      of the region had known although his administration was constantly
      hampered
      by the strained relations existing between him and Shuja-ud-daula of
      Oudh.
      In spite of his unwillingness, Balwant Singh was compelled to join
      Shuja-ud-daula,
      the Mughal Emperor, Shah Alam, and Mir Kasim in the battle of Buxar
      which
      was fought in 1764 against the British, which ended in victory for the
      British, married (a), Rani Panna Kunwar, married (b), Rani Gulab
      Kunwar (#2) (sister of Ajaib Singh, died
      3rd April 1787), and had issue. He died 19th
      August 1770.

      • Raja Chait Singh (qv)
      • Rajkumar Sujan Singh
      • Kumari (name unknown), married Shri Durg Vijay
        Singh, and had issue.

        • Raja Mahip Narayan Singh (qv)

 

    1. Raja CHAIT SINGH,
      Raja of Benares 1770/1781, (#1) his
      Raj was declared
      independent of Oudh in 1775 and made tributary to the British; deposed
      by them on 16th August 1781. He
      died
      29th March 1810 at Gwalior.

 

    1. Raja MAHIP NARAYAN SINGH,
      Raja of Benares 1781/1794, born 1756, restored to
      the Raj on 30th Seoptember 1781; married and
      had issue. He died in September 1794.

      • Raja Udit Narayan Singh (qv)

 

    1. Raja UDIT NARAYAN SINGH,
      Raja of Benares 1794/1835, attained majority in
      1799, married 1791, a daughter
      of Fateh Shahi, a zamindar in Bettiah, and his wife, a daughter of Babu
      Pahalwan Singh, Zamindar of Manjhwa; and had adoptive
      issue. He died in March 1835.

      • (A) Maharaja Shri Ishwari Prasad Narayan Singh Bahadur
        (qv)

 

    1. HH Maharaja Shri ISHWARI
      PRASAD NARAYAN SINGH Bahadur
      , Maharaja of Benares
      1835/1889,
      born 1822 (or 1818),
      Maharaja
      Bahadur [cr.1859], G.C.S.I., he was granted the style of His Highness
      as a personal distinction in 1889 and a salute of fifteen guns; he was
      a great patron of literature; he adopted his nephew, his eventual
      successor. He
      died sp on 13th June 1889.

      • (A) Lt.Col. HH Maharaja Shri Sir Prabhu Narayan Singh
        Bahadur
        (qv)

 

    1. Lt.Col. HH Maharaja Shri
      Sir PRABHU NARAYAN SINGH Bahadur
      , Maharaja of Benares
      1889/1931, born
      26th
      November 1855, succeeded by adoption, he was granted the title of
      Maharaja Bahadur and the style of His Highness
      (as a personal distinction) [cr. xx.9.1889]; Maharaja
      (hereditary)
      [cr.1911], G.C.I.E. [cr. 1.1.1898], K.C.I.E. [cr.1890], LL.D.,
      proclaimed a
      Ruling
      Chief on 4th April 1911 at a Durbar in Nadesar Palace, married a
      daughter of Babu Har Prasad Singh of Bettiah, and had issue. He died
      4th August 1931.

 

    1. Capt. HH Maharaja Shri Sir
      ADITYA NARAYAN SINGH
      , Maharaja of Benares 1931/1939,
      K.C.S.I., born
      17th
      November 1874, he adopted Kumar Chandra Bhal Singh, son of Babu
      Jharkande Prasad Singh of Surajpur, Azamgarh Distt., U.P. ashis intended successor
      from a family of Bhumiyar
      Brahmins. He died 5th April 1939.

 

    1. HH Maharaja Shri Dr.
      VIBHUTI NARAYAN SINGH
      , Maharaja of Benares 1939/2000, born
      5th
      November 1927 into a family of Bhumiyar Brahmins and adopted by the
      Maharaja of Benares on 24th June 1934, educated at Meston High School,
      Ramnagar; Kashi
      Naresh
      , Chairman of the Kashi Vishwanath Temple Trust,
      pro-Chancellor
      of Varanasi Sanskrit University, married 1947, and had issue, one son
      and three
      daughters.
      He died 25th December 2000.

      • HH Maharaja Anant Narayan Singh (qv)

 

  1. HH Maharaja Shri ANANT
    NARAYAN SINGH
    , Maharaja of Benares (see above)

OTHER MEMBERS:

  • Babu Maniyar Singh, grandson of Babu Daya Ram (brother of
    Shri Mansa Ram).

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