BENGAL, BIHAR and ORISSA

 

BENGAL, BIHAR and ORISSA (Kingdom)

 

 

 

 

AREA:  REVENUE:  ANNEXATION: 1880
CAPITAL: Murshidabad DYNASTY: Najafi RELIGION: Muslim
PRESENT HEAD OF HOUSE: 
PREDECESSORS and SHORT
HISTORY:
Became independent of the Mughal Rulers in 1703,
defeated by the
British
at Plassey, losing their independence. The last Nawab Nazim abdicated
and
was reduced in status to that of a Zamindar. Rulers were….

      Mirza Muhammed, an Arab by descent and an
      employee
      at the court of Azam Shah, married a lady of the Turki tribe of Afshar
    settled in Khurasan, and had issue.

    • Haji Ahmad Khan, married and had issue.
      • Nawazish Muhammad Khan [Mirza Muhammed Raza], served as
        the paymaster
        (bakhshi)
        of the Nawab’s troops and superintendent of customs at Murshidabad,
        Naib
        Nazim of Dhaka, married Ghaseti Begum, eldest daughter of Nawab Nazim
        Ali
        Verdi Khan (see below). He died sp in December 1755.
      • Sayed Ahmed Khan Saulat Jang, Naib Faujdar of Ghoraghat
        and Rangpur,
        Naib
        Nazim of Purnia, married the 2nd daughter of Nawab Nazim Ali Verdi Khan
        (see below), and had issue.

        • Shawkat Jang, Naib Nazim of Purnia, was granted the
          subahdari of
          Bengal,
          Bihar and Orissa, by the Mughal Emperor. He died 16th October 1756 at
          Purnia.
      • Zainuddin Ahmed Khan Haibat Jang [Mirza Muhammad
        Hashim], Naib Nazim of
        Bihar, married Amina Begum, youngest daughter of Nawab Nazim Ali Verdi
        Khan (see below), and had issue. He died 1748.

        • Suraj-ud-Dowlah Nawab Nazim Mirza Muhammed Khan (qv)
        • Mirza Mehdi Ikramuddaula, died young of smallpox.
    • Nawab Nazim Ali Verdi Khan [Mirza Muhammed
      Ali] (qv)
    • Nawab Shah Khanum, married in about 1726, Sujah-ul-Mulk
      Hisam-ud-Dowlah Nawab Nazim Mir Muhommed Jaffer Khan Bahadur Mahabat
      Jang
      (see below)
    1. Nawab Nazim MURSHID QULI
      JAFAR KHAN
      , 1st Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa
      1703/1727,
      nothing is known for certain of his family, he became subedar
      to the
      Mughal
      court, diwan and faujdar of Golkonda, later appointed diwan of Bengal
      in 1701
      with the title of Kartalab Khan, he was granted the title of Murshid
      Quli
      Khan in 1703, next year he was allowed to rename Moqsudabad in Bengal
      after
      himself, Murshidabad, raised to the post of Nazim of Bengal in 1716,
      granted
      the titles of Jafar Khan and later Mutamin-ul-Mulk Ala-ud-daula Jafar
      Khan
      Nasiri Nasir Jang Bahadur, and his rank was also raised to 7000. He
      transferred
      the capital of the province from Dhaka to Murshidabad in 1717, married
      and had issue. He died 30th June 1727.

      • Zinatunnissa Begum, married Nawab Nazim Shujauddin
        Muhammed Khan (qv)

 

    1. Nawab Nazim SHUJA UDDIN
      MUHAMMED
      KHAN
      , 2nd Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa
      1727/1739, he was granted the title of Mutaman-i-Mulk Shujauddaula Asad Jang
      from the
      Mughal
      Emperor, he was an impartial and just ruler, kind and liberal to his
      officials,
      married Zinatunissa Begum, and had issue. He died in 1739 and was
      buried
      in the garden called Farahbag at Murshidabad.

      • Nawab Nazim Sarfraz Khan (by Zinatunissa) (qv)
      • Mirza Muhammad Taqi, Naib Nazim of Orissa.
      • Durdana Begum, married Rustam Jang Murshid Quli Khan II,
        Naib Nazim of
        Dhaka and later of Orissa, and had issue. He might have died as a
        fugitive
        in the Deccan.

        • Daughter, married Mirza Aga Bakar,
          Persian Noble and Zamindar
          of Salimabad, died 1754, and had issue.

          • Mirza Aga Sadeq

 

    1. Nawab Nazim ALAUDDIN
      HAIDAR JANG
      SARFRAZ KHAN
      , 3rd Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa
      1739/1740, Diwan of Bengal, died 6th April 1740 at Giria.

 

    1. Nawab Nazim ALI VERDI
      KHAN
      , 4th Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa 1740/1756,
      appointed as the superintendent of the filkhana
      (elephant stables) and was also given charge of the zardozkhana
      (department of embroidered clothes), appointed faujdar of the chakla
      Akbarnagar
      (rajmahal) in 1728 and was invested with the title of ‘Aliverdi’,
      appointed
      Naib Nazim of Bihar in 1733, was granted the title of Mahabat Jang and
      the rank of panch hazari mansabdar, received from Emperor Muhammad Shah
      the recognition of his authority as the subahdar of Bengal along with
      the
      titles of Shuja-ul-mulk and Husamuddaula (the valorous of the state and
      the sword of the empire), married Sharifunnisa Begum (amongst others),
      and had issue. He died 9th April 1756 aged about 80.

      • Ghaseti Begum [Mihrunissa], married Nawazish Muhammad
        Khan (see above).
        She died sp in 1760, drowned
        in the Buriganga River.
      • (name unknown)
        Begum, married Shawkat Jang (see above).
      • Amina Begum, married Zainuddin Ahmed Khan and had issue
        (see below).
        She
        died 1760, drowned in the Buriganga River.

 

    1. Suraj-ud-Dowlah Nawab
      Nazim Mirza
      MUHAMMED KHAN
      , 5th Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa
      1756/1757 (grandson), born 1733, Naib Nazim of Bihar, he was cruel and
      profligate, being offended with the English for giving protection to a
      native official who had escaped with treasure from Dacca, he attacked
      and
      took Calcutta on the 20th of June 1756. Calcutta was retaken by Clive
      and
      Admiral Watson on the 2nd of January 1757, and on the 23rd of June,
      Suraj-ud-Dowlah,
      routed at Plassey, fled to Rajmahal, where he was captured. He married
      1stly, August 1746 Umdatunnisa (Bahu Begum), daughter of Mirza Iraj
      Khan,
      married 2ndly, Lutfunissa Begum, originally a Hindu slave girl called
      Rajkunwar,
      who was in the service of Amina Begum, died November 1790, and had
      issue.
      He was put to death on the 4th of July 1757 at Murshidabad, by order of
      Miran, son of Mir Jafar, who had conspired against Suraj-ud-Dowlah and
      had been present at Plassey without taking part in the battle, and is
      buried
      at Khushbagh along with his favourite wife, Lutfunnisa Begum.

      • Zohra Begum (by Lutfunissa), born 1753, married Mir Asad
        Ali Khan, and
        had issue, four daughters. She died 1774.

 

    1. Sujah-ul-Mulk
      Hisam-ud-Dowlah Nawab
      Nazim Mir MUHOMMED
      JAFFER Khan Bahadur Mahabat Jang
      , 6th Nawab Nazim of Bengal,
      Bihar and Orissa 1757/1760
      and 1763/1765, 2nd son of Syed Ahmad Najafi, born 1691, became
      Commander-in-Chief
      of Bengal in 1740 with the title of ‘Khan Bahadur’, in 1744 for his
      valour
      and bravery in the Mahratta war, he was raised to the rank of the
      commander
      of four thousand horse, in addition to his Commander-in-Chief, became
      Naib
      Subahdar (Deputy Governor) of Orissa and collector of revenue and
      magistrate
      of Midnapur and Hijli  in 1746, he married (amongst others), (a)
      Munni
      Begum, died 10th January 1813, aged 97, married (b), in about 1726
      (Senior Wife) Nawab Shah
      Khanum
      (step-sister
      of Ali Verdi Khan), married (c), Bubbu Begum, and had issue. He died
      17th January
      1765.

      • Nasir-ul-Mulk Ala-u-Dowlah Nawab Mir
        Muhommed Sadik
        Ali Khan (Miran), died 2nd July 1760 (killed by lightning).
      • Sujah-ul-Mulk Najimuddaula
        Nawab Nazim Mir
        Najimuddin Ali Khan Bahadur Mahabat Jang (by Muni Begum) (qv)
      • Saif-ul-Mulk Saifuddaula
        Nawab Nazim Syed
        Najabut Ali Khan Bahadur Shahamut Jang (by Muni Begum) (qv)
      • Syed Ashrab Ali Khan, he died sp
        of smallpox.
      • Mutamun-ul-Mulk Mubarakuddaula
        Nawab Syed
        Mubarak Ali Khan Bahadur Feroze Jang (by Bubbu Begum) (qv)

Nasir-ul-Mulk Imtiaz-u-Dowlah Nawab Nazim
Mir MUHOMMED
QASIM ALI KHAN Bahadur Nasirat Jang
, Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar
and Orissa
1760/1763, married a daughter of his predecessor and died in obscurity
about 1777 in Delhi.

    1. Sujah-ul-Mulk Najimuddaula
      Nawab Nazim NAJIMUDDIN
      ALI KHAN Bahadur Mahabat Jang
      , 7th Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar
      and Orissa 1765/1766,
      born 1750, died sp on 3rd May
      1766 unmarried, buried in the
      Jaffraganj
      cemetery.

 

    1. Saif-ul-Mulk Saifuddaula
      Nawab
      Nazim Syed
      NAJABUT ALI KHAN Bahadur Shahamut Jang
      , 8th Nawab Nazim of
      Bengal, Bihar and Orissa
      1766/1770, died sp in March 1770.

 

    1. Mutamun-ul-Mulk Mubarakuddaula
      Nawab Syed
      MUBARAK ALI KKHAN Bahadur Feroze Jang
      , 9th Nawab Nazim of
      Bengal, Bihar and Orissa
      1770/1793, born 1759, married (amongst others), (a),
      Fais-un-nissa
      Begum, also called Walida Begum and had issue 12 sons and 13 daughters.
      He died 6th September 1793 and was buried in Jaffraganj Cemetery.

      • Nasir-ul-Mulk Azud-u-Dowlah Nawab
        Syed Baber Ali
        Khan Bahadur Delir Jang (eldest, son of Fais-un-nissa Begum) (qv)
      • Nawab Mangli Abdul Kasim Khan Bahadur
        (second son),
        married and had issue.

        • Mir Safdar Ali Khan, married and
          had issue.

          • Shuja-ul-Mulk Asafuddaula
            Nawab Bahadur Syed

            Zainulabidin Khan Bahadur Firuz Jang, born 8th December 1838,
            Nawab
            Bahadur [cr.1867] (personal distinction only).

 

    1. Nasir-ul-Mulk
      Azud-u-Dowlah Nawab
      Syed
      BABER ALI
      KHAN Bahadur Delir Jang
      Baber Jang,
      10th Nawab Nazim of
      Bengal, Bihar and Orissa 1793/1810, married and had issue.
      He died 28th April 1810.

      • Nawab Sujah-ul-Mulk Mubarakuddaula Ali
        Jah

        Nawab Syed Muhommed Zainulabdin Khan Bahadur Feroze Jang (qv)
      • Burhan-ul-Mulk Ihtishamuddaula Walah
        Jah
        Nawab
        Syed Ahmad Ali Khan Bahadur Mahabat Jang (qv)

 

    1. Nawab Sujah-ul-Mulk
      Mubarakuddaula
      Ali
      Jah

      Nawab Syed MUHOMMED ZAINULABDIN KHAN Bahadur Feroze Jang
      , 11th
      Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa 1810/1821, married and had
      issue, three daughters. He died 6th August 1821.

      • Rais-un-nissa Begum, married 1826
        Sujah-ul-Mulk Ihtishamuddaula Humayun
        Jah
        Nawab Syed Mubarak Ali Khan Bahadur Feroze Jang (her cousin,
        see
        below).

 

    1. Burhan-ul-Mulk
      Ihtishamuddaula
      Walah
      Jah
      Nawab
      Syed AHMAD ALI KHAN Bahadur Mahabat Jang
      , 12th Nawab Nazim of
      Bengal, Bihar and Orissa 1821/1824,
      married and had issue, one son. He died 30th October 1824.

      • Sujah-ul-Mulk Ihtishamuddaula Humayun
        Jah

        Nawab Syed Mubarak Ali Khan Bahadur Feroze Jang (qv)

 

    1. Sujah-ul-Mulk
      Ihtishamuddaula Humayun
      Jah
      Nawab Syed MUBARAK ALI KHAN Bahadur Feroze Jang
      , 13th Nawab
      Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa 1824/1838, born 1810, awarded Grand
      Cross of the Royal Hanoverian
      Guelphic
      Order, with the Insignia, by King William IV of Great Britain, married
      1826 Rais-un-nissa Begum (daughter of Nawab Ali Jah) and had issue, one
      son and one daughter. He died 3rd October 1838.

      • Nawab Nazim Mutizum-ul-Mulk,
        Muhsinuddaula Feradun
        Jah
        Syed Mansur Ali Khan Bahadur Nasirat Jang (qv)
      • Sultana Satiara Begum

 

  1. HH Nawab Nazim Mutizum-ul-Mulk
    Muhsinuddaula Feradun
    Jah Syed MANSUR ALI KHAN Bahadur Nasirat Jang
    , 14th Nawab
    Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa 1838/1880 (abdicated), born in
    October
    1830, upon his abdication he received the lesser title of
    Nawab
    Bahadur and was denied the use of the qualification of His Highness,
    married
    Shams i Jehan Begum, died 1905, Gaddinashin Begum of Bengal, Bihar and
    Orissa; two concubines, Malika Zamani and Shah-un nisa, were elevated
    to
    the status of wives after investigation by the British Authorities, in
    England he ‘married’ a further two wives, Sarah Vennell and Julia
    Lewis,
    and had issue, over 100 children, most by informal liaisons, married
    1stly, Shams i Jehan Begum, died 1905, married 2ndly, Malika Zamani
    Begum,
    married 3rdly, Shah-un-nissa Begum, married 4thly, Sarah Vennell,
    married 5thly (bigamously), Julia Lewis. He died 1884.

    • Kurshid Qadar Nawab Bahadur Syed Iskander Ali Mirza,
      Sultan Saheb (by
      the
      Gaddinashin Begum), married and had issue. He died before 1902.

      • Syed Nadir Ali Mirza, married and had issue.
        • Syed Hassan Ali Mirza
      • Syed Mohammad Fateh Ali Mirza, married (amongst
        others), Dilshaid Begum
        and had issue.

        • Qumar Taj Begum, born 1902, married 1stly, Hashim
          Rahmatullah, married
          2ndly, 1938 in Bihar, Syed Zainuddin Hossain Meerza, Nawab of Khagra.
          She
          died 1971.
        • Syed Iskander Mirza, born 15th November 1899, 4th
          Governor-General of
          Pakistan
          1955/1956, 1st President of Pakistan 1956/1958, educated at Elphinstone
          College, and at Sandhurst Academy in England for army training in 1918,
          inducted into the British Indian Army in 1919, joined the Indian
          Political
          Service in 1926 and was posted as Assistant Commissioner in North West
          Frontier Province. He was promoted to District Officer in 1931. He
          served
          the Ministry of Defense, Government of India, as a Joint Secretary,
          appointed
          as the first Defense Secretary of Pakistan at the time of Independence,
          serving for seven years, appointed Governor in May 1954. From October
          1954
          to August 1955, he served as the Interior Minister, and then as the
          Minister
          of States and Frontier Regions in the Cabinet of Prime Minister
          Muhammad
          Ali Bogra. Assumed the post of acting Governor General on 7th August
          1955,
          elected as the first President of Pakistan the following year. He
          married
          1stly, Begum Iskander Mirza [née Rifaat Shirazi], married 2ndly,
          Begum Nahid Afkhamy, and had issue. He died 13th November 1969.

          • Syed Humayun Mirza (by 1st marriage), born 9th
            December 1928 in Poona,
            India, educated at the Doon School then college in England and
            graduated
            with a Masters Degree in Business Administration from Harvard. Held
            senior
            Management positions at the World Bank where he worked for 30 years
            culminating
            as Senior Adviser to the Vice President, author of “From Plassey to
            Pakistan”,
            married 1stly (div.) Josephine Hildreth [Dodie Begum], daughter of
            Horace
            A. Hildreth, US Ambassador to Pakistan 1953/1957, married 2ndly, a
            Pakistani
            lady, and has issue, two daughters.

            • Zareen Mirza (by first marriage)
            • Samia Mirza (by second marriage)

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