BHANGI

 

BHANGI (Misl)

 

 

VILLAGES: xx REVENUE: 10 lakh Rs ACCESSION: 1802
LOCATION: Punjab (Amritsar Dist.) DYNASTY: Dhillon Jat RELIGION: Sikh
MILITARY STRENGTH: 6,000 (1798) CAPITAL: Amritsar

 

 

PRESENT HEAD OF HOUSE: Sardar
Thakur Singh Bhangi (1890)
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The
Bhangi
Misl
was
a
large
Sikh
Misl centered around a village around
Amritsar. It was founded in the early 18th century by Hari Singh. It
grew in strength and territory to cover an area from Attock to Multan
and emerged as the strongest power in the western Punjab region. The
territory held included (at various times), Tarn
Taran, Gujrat, Wazirabad, Sialkot, Chiniot, Rawalpindi, Jhelum,
Sialkot, Jhang, Bhera, Lahore, Hasan Abdal, Bhairowal, Majitha,
Firozpur, Bedian, Bulaki, Bazidpur and Multan. However, deaths among
the leadership during the late 1760’s reduced the
Misl’s power. The Bhangi misl engaged in numerous power struggles with
the Sukerchakia Misl until they were severely weakened at the Battle of
Basin and the loss of Lahore to Ranjit Singh in 1799. By 1810, all
Bhangi
territories, including Lahore, Amritsar, Sialkot,
Chiniot, Jhang, Bhera, Rawalpindi, Hasan Abdal and Gujrat had merged
into
the kingdom of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The descendants of Bhangi sardars
are
today concentrated mainly in the Amritsar district of the Punjab.
Members were….

  • Chajja Singh, 1st
    Chief of the Bhangi jatha, he was from
    the village
    of Panjwar, 13 kms from Amritsar and was the founder of the jatha (band
    of warriors), that later became the Bhangi misl, he
    had taken ‘amrit’ from the hands of Guru
    Gobind
    Singh.
  • Sardar Bhuma Singh Dhillon,
    2nd
    Chief
    of
    the
    Bhangi jatha
    -/1746: after the death of Chajja Singh, Bhuma Singh Dhillon of village
    Hung in Parganah Wadani near Moga succeeded him, he was a competent
    organizer and commandant of his troops and enhanced the power of the
    misl, and was succeeded by
    his
    nephew and adoptive son. He was killed in 1746 during the Chhota
    Ghallughara.

    • (A) Sardar Hari
      Singh Dhillon
      (qv)
  • Sardar Hari Singh Dhillon,
    3rd
    Chief
    of
    the
    Bhangi jatha
    1746/1748 and 1st Misldhar of the Bhangi misl
    1748/1765 and Commander of Taruna Dal; he was the son of Bhup Singh, a
    Zamindar of Pattah near Wadni, he was the first to be called
    Bhangi , at the formation of the
    Dal
    Khalsa in 1748, he was acknowledged the head of the Bhangi misl as
    well as leader of the Taruna Dal; he vastly increased the power and
    influence of the Bhangi misl which began to be ranked as the strongest
    amongst its peers, he captured
    Panjvar in the Tarn Taran parganah and established his headquarters,
    first at Sohal and then at Gilwali, both in Amritsar district; in 1763,
    he and the
    Kanhaiya and Ramgarhia Misls,
    sacked the Afghan stronghold of Kasur, the following year he sacked
    Bahawalpur and Multan, on his way back home, he reduced Jhang, Chiniot
    and Sialkot; married and had issue, two sons. He died 1765 in a battle
    with Baba Ala Singh of Patiala.

    • Sardar Jhanda Singh Bangi (qv)
    • Sardar Ganda Singh Bhangi (qv)
  • Sardar Jhanda Singh Bangi,
    4th
    Chief
    of
    the
    Bhangi misl
    1765/1774, after his succession he was soon involved in the internal
    feuds of
    the
    warring misls, but under his leadership the Bhangi misl reached the
    zenith of its power, in 1764, he had invaded Multan and Bahawalpur, but
    failed to drive out the
    Afghans, he marched on Multan
    again in 1772, this time forcing the Nawab to flee and Multan was
    declared Khalsa
    territory, he next subdued Jhang, Kala Bagh and
    Mankera, he built a brick fort at Amritsar and laid out fine bazars in
    the city, married and had issue. He was killed in 1774 in a battle with
    the Kanhaiya and Sukerchakia misls at Jammu,
    where he had marched to settle a succession issue.

    • Sardar Amar Singh Bhangi,
      married Bibiji Karam Kaur, daughter of Nar Singh Randhawah of
      Chamyari.
  • Sardar Ganda Singh Bhangi,
    5th
    Chief
    of
    the
    Bhangi misl
    1774/1775, he engaged himself in enlarging and strengthening the Bhangi
    quarter and in plotting against the Kanhaiyas who had caused his
    brother’s death, later with his Ramgarhia allies he marched to
    Dinanagar to engage the Kanhaiyas in battle, but he fell ill and died
    after ten days, married and had issue. He died about 1775.

    • Sardar Desa Singh Bhangi (qv)
    • Rani Ratan Kaur, married (as his first wife) 1787,
      Raja-i-Rajgan Maharaja Sahib Singh, Maharaja of Patiala.
  • Sardar Desa Singh Bhangi,
    6th
    Chief
    of
    the
    Bhangi misl 1775/1782, he succeeded as a minor, and was unable
    to control the rebellious chiefs, and under his weak leadership, the
    decline of the misl began, several Bhangi sardars set themselves up as
    independent chiefs within their territories, Bhag Singh Halluwalia was
    first to declare himself independent, then Jhang ceased to pay tribute
    and Multan was lost in 1779, married and had issue. He
    was killed in
    action against Sardar Mahan Singh
    Sukarchakia in 1782.

    • Sardar Gulab Singh Bhangi (qv)
  • Sardar Gulab Singh Bhangi,
    7th
    Chief
    of
    the
    Bhangi
    misl 1782/1800, he enlarged and beautified the city of Amritsar, but he
    was a debauched, weak man and progressively lost his
    family’s possessions, till only some villages in the Manjha and
    Amritsar were left, and captured the
    city
    of Kasur, then held by Pathan Chiefs, but lost it in 1794, married Mai
    Sukkhan, died after 1802, and had issue. He drank himself to death in
    1800 (some say poisoned).

    • Sardar Gurdit Singh Bhangi (qv)
  • Sardar Gurdit Singh Bhangi,
    8th
    and
    last
    Chief
    of
    the Bhangi misl 1800/1802, born 1790, in 1802, Maharaja Ranjit Singh,
    on a pretext, marched to Amritsar and reduced the fort in five hours,
    and all Bhangi possessions were seized, married (a), a daughter of
    Sardar Sahib Singh Gujratia (see below), married (b), a daughter of
    Sardar Fateh
    Singh Kanhaiya, and had issue. He
    died at his ancestral village of
    Panjwar in the Taran Taran pargana of Amritsar district, where his
    descendants were living as simple peasants (in 1865).

    • generations
      • Sardar Hardit Singh Dhillon, married and had issue.
        • Sardar Gurdial Singh Dhillon, parliamentarian,
          diplomat and statesman, born 6th August 1915 at Sarhali, in Jalandhar
          district of the Punjab, educated at
          the Khalsa Collegiate School, Amritsar and at Government College,
          Lahore, from where he graduated in 1935, he took the Law degree from
          the University Law College in
          1937 and
          went into private practice, later he became the editor of two
          newspapers, and made a number on important political contacts, at the
          First general elections in Independent
          India, in 1952, he was elected a member of the Punjab
          Legislative Assembly, he was elected Deputy Speaker and then Speaker,
          later elected a member of the Lok
          Sabha, appointed as India’s High
          Commissioner in Canada, he was awarded
          the Medallion of the Parliament of Canada, he was elected acting
          president of interparliamentary Union Conference at Geneva in 1973 and
          president at Tokyo in 1974, he was awarded (amongst others) a D. Litt.
          (honoris causa)
          from Punjabi University, Patiala, member of the board of governors of
          the Punjab Public School, Nabha, a trustee of Guru Nanak Engineering
          College,
          Ludhiana, member of the
          managing committee of Bir Baba Buddha College and a trustee of the
          Shahid Pheruman College. He died 23th March 1992 at Delhi, following a
          heart attack.

FAMILY OF SARDAR SAHIB SINGH BHANGI

  • Nathu, a Jat cultivator of
    modest means, married Mai Lachmi, a daughter of Sardar Gurbakhsh Singh
    Roranwala (died 1763), and had issue.

    • Garja Singh, married and had issue.
      • Chet Singh, married and had issue.
        • Ram Singh, married and had issue.
          • Partab Singh
          • Mehtab Singh
          • Hira Singh
          • Jhanda Singh
    • Sardar Gujjar Singh, he, along with Lahina Singh, and
      Sobha Singh Kanhaiya, captured Lahore, from the Afghans in 1765 and
      held it for twenty-three years; he
      next
      captured Eminabad, Wazirabad, Sodhra and
      about 150 villages in Gujranwala district, he then took Gujrat in
      December 1765, capturing
      both the city and the adjoining
      country, and making Gujrat his headquarters; in 1766, he overran
      Jammu, seized Islamgarh, Poonch,
      Dev Batala and extended his territory as far as the Bhimbar hills in
      the North and the Majha country
      in the south; married Mai Lachmi, and had issue. He died 1788 in Lahore.

      • Sukha Singh Gujratia, married a daughter of Sardar Bhag
        Singh
        Halluwalia (see below). He died vpsp.
      • Sardar Sahib Singh Gujratia (by Mai Lachmi), he
        succeeded
        to his one-third share of Lahore, but lost it to Maharaja Ranjit Singh
        on 7th July 1799, he was the last
        Bhangi chief
        to fall, his jagir was seized and he was granted an estate of few
        villages worth 25,000Rs for his maintenance, married
        (a), Bibiji Raj Kaur,
        daughter of Sardar Charat Singh Sukerchakia,
        married
        (b),
        Bibiji Subha
        Kaur, daughter of Raja Hamir Singh,
        Raja of Nabha, married (c), Bibiji Ratan
        Kaur (married 2ndly, 1811, Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore), daughter
        of Diwan Singh Virk, married
        (d), Bibiji Daya Kaur (married 2ndly, 1811, Maharaja Ranjit Singh
        of Lahore), she died
        1843, daughter of Diwan Singh Virk, and had issue. He died 1811.

        • Sardar Gulab Singh Gujratia, married a daughter of
          Sardar Bhag
          Singh Bhagga, and had issue. He died 1832.

          • Bibiji (name unknown) Kaur, married (as his
            third
            wife), General Sardar Mahtab Singh Majithia.
        • Bibiji (name unknown)
          Kaur
          (by
          Raj Kaur), married Sardar Jodh Singh Kalalwala,
          died
          1824,
          and
          had issue.

          • Bibiji Khem Kaur, married 1816, Maharaja
            Kharak
            Singh, Maharaja of Lahore.
        • Bibiji (name unknown)
          Kaur,
          married
          Sardar Gurdit Singh Bhangi (see above).
      • Sardar Fateh Singh Gujratia, he succeeded to his eldest
        brother’s estates, but after 1811, he went to Kapurthala and entered
        the service of the Ahluwalia chief, married and had issue. He was
        killed in Bannu at the siege of Malik Dilasa Khan Fort in 1832.

        • Sardar Jaimal Singh, he served at Peshawar and on the
          Frontier, afterwards, as a result of a quarrel, his jagir was resumed,
          leaving him in great poverty, married and had issue.

          • Joala Singh, married and had issue.
            • Mian Singh
            • Hira Singh

FAMILY OF SARDAR LAHINA SINGH

  • Dargaha, son of a zamindar of the Kahilon Jat caste, born
    at Mastapur near Katarpur in the Jalandhar Doab, married and had issue.

    • Sardar Lahina
      Singh [Lehna Singh], as a teenager he ran away from home and reached
      the village of Roranwala where he was adopted by Sardar Gurbakhsh Singh
      Roranwala
      and succeeded to half his estates after his death in 1763, together
      with Sardar Sobha
      Singh, and his nephew, Sardar Gujjar Singh, he captured the city of
      Lahore from the Afghans in 1765, and ruled there for 32 years (with
      short intermissions),  his territory yielded about 15 lakhs of
      rupees annually, married and had issue. He
      died in September 1797.

      • Sardar Chet Singh,
        succeeded to his one-third share of Lahore, but failed to
        establish authority there, and with the
        people were oppressed by heavy taxes and extortions, they invited
        Maharaja Ranjit Singh to occupy the city, he accordingly arrived with
        5,000 troops at the Shalamar Gardens on 7th July 1799 and became master
        of Lahore, laying the
        foundation of Sikh monarchy, he was granted a jagir at Waniaki worth
        60,000Rs, which he held until his death, married eight wives, including
        Bibiji Hukum Kaur, by whom he had an only son. He died 1815.

        • Sardar Attar Singh, born 1815, four months after his
          father’s death, he was granted a jagir at Waniaki worth 6,000Rs.,
          married and had issue, three daughters.
      • Sardar Bagat Singh

OTHER MEMBERS:

  • Unknown
    • Sardar Bhag Singh Halluwalia, married and had issue. He
      was killed in or about 1734?.
      • Sardar Sobha Singh Halluwalia, he had built Kila Sobha
        Singh in Sialkot district, married Bibiji Sada Kaur, daughter of Sardar
        Ram Singh Mananwala, and had issue.
        • Sardar Mohr Singh
      • Bibiji (name unknown) Kaur, married Sukha Singh
        Bhangi (see above).
      • Bibiji (name unknown) Kaur, married 177x, Sardar
        Jai Singh, Chief of the Kanhaiya misl.
    • Bibiji (name unknown)
      Kaur,
      married
      Sardar Badar Singh Ahluwalia,
      and
      had issue.
  • Sardar Suhel
    Singh Bhangi, married Bibiji (name unknown), daughter of Sardar
    Charat Singh Sukerchakia.

 

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