|AREA: 1,173 km2||PRIVY PURSE: 70,000Rs||ACCESSION: 12th October 1948|
|STATE: Himachal Pradesh||REVENUE: 100,000Rs (1891)||RELIGION: Hindu|
|VILLAGES: 992||POPULATION:100,994(1931)||DYNASTY: Chandela|
|PRESENT RULLER: H.H. RAJA Dr. GOPAL CHAND MA (Cantab) PhD (Cantab)Raja of Bilaspur since 26th October,1983.(RAJA GOPAL CHAND PALACE, BILASPUR HIMACHAL PREDESH (INDIA) and “ANAND MAHAL”, 2 HARDY ROAD, BLACKHEATH, LONDON SE3 7NR (UK) www.Bilaspur.Info|
|H.H Raja Dr. Gopal Chand was born on 3rd September, 1969. As per Late H.H. Raja Anand Chand’s wishes,Tikka Gopal Chand performed his father’s funeral rites, lit the funeral pyre and kirya ceremony. On 26th October,1983 on ‘ RASAM PAGRI DAY’, Tikka Gopal Chand was installed as the 45th Ruler H.H.Raja Gopal Chand of Bilaspur. Raja Gopal Chand was educated at the City of London School for Boys, London. He achieved four ‘A’ Grades in A Level and achieved awards in Physics, Chemistry and Maths. Raja Gopal Chand received his MA and PhD from Trinity College Cambridge in the United Kingdom. H.H. Raja Dr. Gopal Chand married Rani Lakshmi Chand M.Sc.:London in 1996 (H.H Rani Lakshmi Chand of Bilaspur, daughter of Major Gandharb Singh Rana. They have issue, two children
|PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY:
Bilaspur is lying in the foothills of the Himalays and Bilaspur town is situated on the banks of Sutlej River which divides the State into
two equal halves called the Parla (Trans)and the Warla(Cis) Mandi and Kangra bordered on the North, on the west by the Hosharpur District, on the South by Nalagarh and the East by Baghal and Suket. The Capital of the State was originally at Jhandhari and then at Kot Kehloor, but was later transferred to Bilaspur. Its Rulers were members of the Kheloorea Clan of the Chandravanshi Rajputs and they are worshipper of ‘Gopal’. Bilaspur was founded by Raja Bir Chand in 697 AD when his father Raja Harihar Chand, on his way to Jwalamukhi in Kangra from the ancestral home at Chanderi in Madya Pradesh, was killed by the then Raja of Kangra and Bir Chand as the eldest of the four brothers decided not to go back home. He established a small fort at Kot-Kahloor in the low lying area below the peak of Shri Naina Devi (Goddess Durga) whose Temple he erected on top of the Hill. He died in 730A.DRAJA KAHAL CHAND(894-902AD)He was Sixth in Line and built Kot Kehlur.RAJA KAHN CHAND (1057-1099A.D) eleventh in line had three sons. His eldest son Ajit Chand succeeded his father and he founded the present ruling dynasty of Hindur, now called “NALAGARH.RAJA SANGAR CHAND (1197-1220A.D) Sangar Chand, 16th in line had ten sons, seven of whom were the ancestors of Rajput families in Bilaspur.RAJA MEGH CHAND (12-1251A.D) Megh Chand was exiled into Kulu by the People of Bilaspur but reinstated himself with the help of the Emperor of Delhi.RAJA ABHAISAND CHAND (1302-1307a.d.) 21ST Raja, was murdered by the Generals of a relieving force.RAJA RATTAN CHAND (1355-1406), He received a reward of a lakh and a quarter rupees from the Emperor by slaying a lion, which was distressing the suburbs of the city.RAJA GYAN CHAND (1518-1555) Gyan Chand, 27th Raja, quarrelled with the Mohammadan Governor of Sirhind and married the Governor’s daughter whose descendants are the only landowing mussalmans in the State. Gyan Chand’s tomp is still shown at Kiratpur.
RAJA BIKRAN CHAND (1555-1593), Bikran Chand abdicated
RAJA KALYAN CHAND (1600-1636) Sultan Chand’s son Kalyan invaded the territories of the Raja of Suket, whose daughter he had married, and was slain there. His son Tara Chand avenged his father’s death.
RAJA DEEP CHAND (1653-1665) Deep Chand, son of Tara Chand, removed his Capital from Sunhani to a place on the Sutlej, close to a shrine of Rangunath Shiva and a cave of Vyasji called “Byaspur” later known as Bilaspur.
RAJA BHIM CHAND (1665-1692) During his time, the territorial limits of Kehlur reached a new height. He built the temple of Mariaridevi (at present in Mandi Distict). He defeathed the Mogul Governor Alif-Khan in battle in conjunction with Guru Goving Singh.
RAJA AJMER CHAND (1692-1738)reigned for over forty years.
RAJA DEVI CHAND (1738-1778) Devi Chand succeeded in 1738. He was a contemporary of Nadir Shah soon afterwards coming into collision with the afghani forces. He killed the Raja of Nalagarh in a battle and placed a Mian Gajay Singh on the Gaddi of Nalagarh. He also built a Fort and Tank at Mahalmorian in Kangra whose signs are present even to this day. He married a Katoch Princess and had a son named Mahan Chand.
RAJA MAHAN CHAND(1778-1824) He showed no interest in State affairs and spent his time in sensual pleasures.
RAJA KHARAK CHAND ( 1924-1839) Raja Kharak Chand’s reign marks the darkest page in the history of Bilaspur because of evil influence an vicious habits. In 1835 he married the younger sister of the Raja of Sirmoor.
RAJA JAGAT CHAND (1839-1850) A.D.) Raja Kharak Chand was issueless. Mian Jangi performed Raja Kharak Chand’s funeral rites and was installed as Raja Jagat Chand in April 1839. The Raja extended his aid to the British in the Second Sikh War and turned the Sikh forces out of the territory of Kot Dhar and Nalagarh. Raja Jagat Chand had only one son, Narpat Chand, who died in 1844 leaving a son named Hira Chand. Hira Chand was only 15 years of age and he was married to the sister of Maharaja Ranbir Singh of Jammu.
RAJA HIRA CHAND (1850-1882 AD) His reign of 32 years is still remembered as a golden age in Bilaspur’s history. In winter 1882
Raja Hira Chand had gone to Shimla with his son Amar Chand but died on his way to Bilaspur
RAJA AMAR CHAND (1883-1888 AD) Raja Amar Chand was installed in January 1883 and had a short reign of 6 years. He was fond of painting and he built the famous Rang Mahal Palace at Bilaspur. He also constructed a bridge across the Sutlej at Bhajwani. He died in 1888 at the age of 31
LIEUTENANT-COLONEL.H.H.RAJA.BIJAI.CHAND KCIE (1872-1931) Raja Bijai Chand succeeded his father in 1889 when he was only 16 years old. He was given the decoration of the Companion of the Star of India on the occasion of the Delhi Durbar in 1911 and was made Knight Commander of the Indian Empire (KCIE) in 1918. During World War 1 he placed his personal services and all the resources of his State at the disposal of the British Government.
RAJA ANAND CHAND was born on 26th January,1913. He studied at Mayo College by standing first in the Post Diploma Examination. He then went to Delhi and engaged in Civil and Judicial training in the Gurgaon District before he was invested with full ruling powers on the 9th January,1933. The Raja abolished Begar (heavy labour) in 1936 and passed legislation abolishing child marriage. In 1942 he introduced the Bilaspur Prohibition Act. New roads linking Suket and Mandi were built, and schools, health centres, a ladies club and cinema halls all flourished during his reign. Raja also built the Shri Gopalji Temple and the New Palace, which were later submerged in the Bhakara Reservoir along with the historic old Bilaspur Town, and a New Town was built upslope of the Old.
During Raja’s reign from 1939-1945 there was the Second World War in which his State played its full part and won many Awards including Victoria Cross and the George Cross. Raja received the KCIE.KNIGHT COMMANER OF THE INDIAN EMPIRE in 1945
Chand wrote several books ‘Bilaspur past, present & Future’and ‘ also ‘Bilaspur People Betrayed’.
H.H. Raja Dr. Gopal Chand of Bilaspur MA(Cantab),
Dr. Rajkumari Sunanda Chand-MBBS,MRCGP was born January,1973 in Delhi. She received her education from City of London School for Girls, London and received many prizes, awards, and distinctions. She did MBBS and MRCGP from Imperial College London. She is GP. She married Dr J Singh and has one daughter.
Kumari Priya Chand born February,2008.
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