CHAKMA

     

    CHAKMA (Kingdom)

     

     

    AREA: 6,239.31 km2

    REVENUE: xx ACCESSION: n/a
    LOCATION: Bangladesh DYNASTY: Roy RELIGION: Buddhist
    CAPITAL:
    Rangamati

    PRESENT RULER: 
    Raja DEVASISH
    ROY
    , 51st and present Chakma Raja since 1971.

    born 1959, he was installed as Chakma Raja, after his father opted to
    remain in
    Pakistan in 1971, with his uncle as Regent till 1977; he is a lawyer by
    profession and has served as a
    Special
    Assistant to the Chief Advisor of Bangladesh with the rank and status
    of a
    State Minister during the 2006-2008 Bangladesh political crisis, he was
    in charge of the Ministry of Chittagong Hill Tracts Affairs and the
    Ministry of Forest and Environment; he served in the interim caretaker
    government in 2008; as per constitutional norms and practices of the
    country, at the end of each term, an interim neutral caretaker
    government takes over to oversee free and fair elections to hand-over
    power to the next elected politicians; married Rani Tatu Roy, born
    1963/1964, died 1998, and has issue.

    • Rajkumar Tribhuvan Aryadev Roy, born 1990, declared Crown
      Prince in
      2003.
    • Rajkumari Ayetri Aradhan Roy, born 1994.
    PREDECESSORS and SHORT
    HISTORY: 

    Founded in the 11th century. Scholars differ on the origin and history
    of Chakma. One popular view
    among the Chakma is that their ancestors once lived in Champoknagar,
    although opinions differ as to its location. According to oral
    history the Chakma left Champoknagar for Arakan in Burma where they
    lived for about 100 years. They had to leave Arakan for Bangladesh in
    or around the sixteenth century, when Bangladesh was governed by Muslim
    rulers, before the arrival of the British. On their arrival in
    Bangladesh
    the Chakma chiefs made a business contract with the Muslim rulers,
    promising to pay revenue or tax in cotton. In return they were allowed
    to live in the hill region and engage in trade with the larger society.
    By the late eighteenth century,
    British authorities had established
    themselves in the southeastern districts of Bangladesh. The British
    formally recognized a definite territory of the Chakma raja (the
    paramount chief). In 1776, Sherdoulat Khan became the Chakma raja. He
    fought unsuccessfully against the British. Further fighting between the
    Chakma and the British took place between 1783 and 1785. In 1787, Raja
    Janbux Khan, son of Sherdoulat Khan, made a peace treaty with the
    British government, promising to pay the latter 500 maunds of
    cotton. The British recognized the office of Chakma raja throughout the
    rest of their rule. Different Chakma rajas maintained good relations
    with the authorities of central administration and the Chakma
    increasingly came in contact with the Bengali people and culture.
    Chakma was incorporated into East Pakistan on 15th August 1947. Rulers
    were….

    • Raja CHAMAN KHAN,
      Chakma Raja 1650/1700
    • Raja JALOL KHAN,
      Chakma Raja 1700/1715
    • Raja FATEH KHAN,
      Chakma Raja 1715/1737, married and had issue.

      • Raja Shermust Khan (qv)
    • Raja SHERMUST KHAN,
      Chakma Raja 1737/1757
    • Raja SUKHDEV ROY,
      Chakma Raja 1757/1776, married and had issue.

      • Generation
        • Raja Sher Dowlat Khan (qv)
    • Raja SHERDOULAT KHAN,
      Chakma Raja 1776/1782, married and had issue. He
      was assasinated in 1782.

      • Raja Janbux Khan (qv)
    • Raja JANBUX KHAN,
      Chakma Raja 1782/1800, married and had issue.

      • Raja Tabbar Khan (qv)
      • Raja Jabbar Khan (qv)
    • Raja TABBAR KHAN,
      Chakma Raja 1800/1801
    • Raja JABBAR KHAN,
      Chakma Raja 1801/1812
    • Raja DHARAM BUX KHAN,
      Chakma Raja 1812/1832, he was confirmed in his
      title
      of Raja by the British
      Government; married Rani Kalindi (qv), died 1874. He died 1832.
    • Shuklal Dewan, appointed Manager in 1832, but was deposed
      later the same year.
    • Rani Kalindi,
      Chakma Rani 1832/1874, a great ruler, she
      was considered perhaps the greatest Chakma queen (#1),
      married Raja Dharam Bux Khan. She died 1874.
    • Raja HARISH CHANDRA Roy
      Bahadur
      , Chakma Raja 1874/1885;
      born 1841, he transferred his capital from
      Raja Nagar of Rangunia to Rangamati in 1874; he was granted the title
      of Roy Bahadur by the
      British, having rendered good service in the Lushai Expedition of
      1871-72, by supplying coolies, boats, etc.; married and had issue. He
      died 1885.

      • Raja Bhuvan Mohan Roy (qv)
    COURT OF WARDS
    1885/1897
    • Raja BHUVAN MOHAN ROY,
      Chakma
      Raja 1885/1934, born 1876, died
      1934.
    • Raja NALINAKSHA ROY,
      Chakma Raja 1934/1952, born 1902,
      married Rani
      Benita Roy (née
      Sen), Minister of Land
      Administration and Land Reforms 1975/1976; Minister of Relief and
      Rehabilitation 1976/1978; daughter of Dr. Saral Chandra Sen (see Sen family), and his
      wife, Nirmala Devi Sen, and had issue. He died 7th October 1951.

      • Rajkumari Amiti Roy, born 11th January 1932, married and
        has issue, two sons and two daughters.
      • Raja Tridiv Roy (qv)
      • Rajkumar Samit Roy, born 24th August 1942/1943, Regent of
        the Chakma
        Kingdom for his nephew 1971/1977, married and had issue, one son and
        two daughters. He died 2008.
      • Rajkumari Moitri Roy, born 10th April 1945, married and
        has issue, one daughter.
      • Rajkumari Rajashree Roy [Rakhi], born 31st August 1949,
        married 6th
        September
        1977 at Rangamati, Maharajkumar Shri Jayasinhji Mayurdhwajsinhji Jhala
        [Jawahir Dev Sahib] of Dhrangadhra,
        and has issue, two daughters.
      • Rajkumar Nandit Roy, born 1st September 1951, married and
        has issue. (Wangza
        House, Rajbari Road, Rangamati)

        • Dr. Lumbini Roy
        • Vaskar Roy
    • His Excellency Raja TRIDEV ROY 1952/1971His
      Excellency Major (Hon.) Raja TRIDIV
      ROY
      ,
      Chakma Raja 1952/1971, born 14th May
      1933, installed as Chakma Raja on 2nd March 1953; he left Bangladesh
      (then East Pakistan) about a month before (November) the Indo-Pakistan
      war broke out (3rd December) and Bangladesh became independent on 16th
      December 1971; in his absence, his younger brother Rajkumar Samit Roy
      was appointed Regent and later on his son Rajkumar Devasish Roy took
      over as Raja with his blessings; he served as a Federal Minister in the
      Government of Pakistan; he served as Ambassador to
      Argentina and several neighbouring countries; he was conferred the
      emblems of the Sri Lankan Ranjana National
      Award; leader of the All Pakistan Buddhist Association; author
      of ‘The Departed Melody’, a book on the history and culture of the
      people of the Hill Tracts and the Chakma Rajas; married 1953, Rani
      Arati Roy,
      and has issue, three sons and two daughters.

      • Rajkumari Chandra Kalindi Roy, born 23rd November 1956,
        married John Bernard Henricksen, and has issue, a daughter.
      • Raja Devasish Roy (qv)
      • Rajkumar Sivasish Roy, born 20th September 1961, married
        Monalisa Roy, and has issue, two daughters.
      • Rajkumar Indrasish Roy, born 18th July 1963, unmarried.
      • Rajkumari Triveni Roy, born 25th February 1966, married
        to Pavel Khisa, and has issue, two sons.
    • Raja DEVASISH ROY (see above)

     

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