HYDERABAD

HYDERABAD (Princely State)

(21 gun salute)

 

AREA:  213,190 km2 PRIVY PURSE: 
5,000,000R
ACCESSION:  25th January 1950
STATE:  Hyderabad DYNASTY:  Qamarid/Asaf
Jahi
RELIGION:  Muslim (Sunni)

 

PRESENT RULER:  H.E.H.
Nizam al-Molk Fath Jang BARKAT ALI KHAN
MUKARRAM
JAH ASAF JAH VIII, 8th
Nizam of Hyderabad since 1967. (Bella Vista
Palace,
Hyderabad -500082, Andhra Pradesh, India)

 

born 1933, educated at Harrow School 1948/1952, married 1stly
1959 (div.),
Esra Birgin, born 1938, married 2ndly, 1979 (div.), Helen Simmons
[Ayesha
Jah], born 26th August 1948, died 13th May 1989, married 3rdly August
1990 (div. 1994) (as her second husband),
Manolya Onur, born 1954, a former Miss Turkey (1975), married 4thly
(div. 1995), Jamila, a 22 year old from Morrocco, married 5thly,
Orchid, a Turkish lady, and has issue.

  • Sahibzada Azmet Jah (by Esra), born 1960.
  • Sahibzadi Shehkyer Jah (by Esra), born 1964.
  • Sahibzada Alexander Azam Jah (by Helen), born 1979.
  • Sahibzada Mohammad Umar Jah (by Helen), born 1983.
  • Sahibzadi Nilofur Jah (by Manolya), born 27th March 1991.

 

 

PREDECESSORS and SHORT HISTORY: The
Princely state was founded about 1725. Rulers were…

  1. QAMAR ad-DIN CHIN QILIJ KHAN NIZAM
    ul-MULK FATEH JUNG ASAF
    JAH I
    , 1st Nizam of Hyderabad 1725/1748, born 11th August
    1671, Governor of Bijaipur, subedar of six
    provinces of the Deccan and faujdar of Karnatak. Nizam-Ul-Mulk never
    openly
    claimed independence of the Deccan from the central government. From
    1724
    he carried on the government of the six subas of the Deccan without any
    reference to Delhi, unhampered in the exercise of all the sovereign
    attributes
    of a state., he advised his successor to keep intact the traditional
    relations
    of loyalty with the imperial government, married and had issue, six
    sons.
    He died 22nd May 1748 and was buried at Khuldabad.

    • Muhammed Nasir Jang Mir Ahmad (qv)
    • Asaj ad-Dowla Mir Ali Salabat (qv)
    • Ghazi ad-Din (qv)
    • Mir Basalat Jang
    • Mir Mughal, died 1775.
    • Nizam Ali Khan Asaf Jah II (qv)
    • Daughter, married and had issue.
      • Muhyi ad-Din Muzaffar Jang (qv)
1a. MUHAMMED
NASIR JANG MIR AHMAD

1748/1750,
died 5th December 1750.

 

1b. MUHYI
ad-DIN MUZAFFAR JANG
1750/1751,
died 1751.

 

1c. GHAZI
ad-DIN
1751/1752 (in
rebellion),
died 16th October 1752. Ancestor of the Nawabs of Baoni.

 

1d. ASAJ
ad-DOWLA MIR ALI SALABAT

1751/1763,
died 1763.
    1. NIZAM
      ALI KHAN ASAF JAH II
      , 2nd Nizam of Hyderabad 1763/1803 ,
      born 24th February
      1734.
      After the treaty of 1798 Bolarum became one of the largest British
      cantonments
      in the south. Nizam Ali Khan was the absolute sovereign of the state as
      mughal Subedar of the Deccan. Territories were given on contracts and
      the
      contractors were known as Taluqdars. They maintained troops for the
      protection
      of the Nizam in the Districts. The whole territory of the state was
      divided
      mainly into three categories namely “Khalsa”, “Paigah” and Jagirs,
      married
      and had issue. He died 6th August 1803 and was buried at Mecca Masjid
      by
      the side of his mother Umda Begum.

      • Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah Asaf Jah III (qv)
      • Mir Ali Jah, died 1795.
      • Mir Subhan Ali
      • Mir Ahmad Ali
      • Bashirunissa Begum, married Fakhruddin Khan
        Amir-e-Kabir Shams ul-Umra
        II
        , born 1781, died 1863 and had issue.
      • Mir Zulfiqar Ali Khan Taymur Jang Nasiruddaula
        Zulfiqar
        Malik-e-Jan-Dar-Jha
        ,
        married and had issue.

        • Mir Rustam Ali Khan, married and had issue.
          • Mir Jamshed Ali Khan, married and had issue.
            • Mir Asif Ali Khan
            • Mir Sujat Ali Khan, married and had issue.
              • Mir Iradat Ali Khan
              • Mir Hyder Ali Khan, married and had issue.
                • Mir Sabir Ali Khan, married and has issue.
                  • Mir Barkat Ali Khan
                  • Mir Azmat Ali Khan
                  • Shabeena Zarine Begum
                • Mir Asad Ali Khan, married and has issue.
                  • Samiya Begum
                  • Mir Muhammed Ali Khan
                  • Mir Ahmad Ali Khan
                  • Asma Begum
                • Mir Rustam Ali Khan, married and has issue.
                  • Mir Shujat Ali Khan
                  • Mir Hussain Ali Khan
                • Saedunissa Begum
                • Tajunissa Begum
                • Hajra Begum
              • Rahamatunissa Begum
              • Karimunissa Begum
              • Sogha Begum
          • Mir Liyaqat Ali Khan
          • Mir Nawazish Ali Khan
          • Mir Zafar Ali Khan
        • Tajunissa Begum

 

    1. MIR
      AKBAR ALI KHAN SIKANDER JAH ASAF JAH III
      , 3rd Nizam of
      Hyderabad 1803/1829 ,
      born
      11th November 1768. There was no treaty between the Nizam and the
      British
      for the maintenance of the Contingent. He allowed the state to go into
      debt , borrowing money at 25% interest, which resulted in the Nizam
      losing
      a substantial amount of territory to William Palmer & Company. The
      Nizam wavied the Peshkash (tribute) of Rs.7 lakh per annum, which the
      company
      was paying on account of Northern Circars. The death of his favorite
      daughter
      in 1826 gave Sikander Jah a great shock that slowly led to his death on
      Thursday 21st May 1829, nine sons and ten daughters survived him,
      including.

      • Mir Naser ad-Dowla Farkhunda Ali Khan Asaf Jah IV (qv)
      • Mir Gawhar Ali Khan Mubarizuddaula, died 1854.
      • Zulfiqar ul-Mulk
      • Sham samul-Mulk
      • Munnawar ad-Dowla

 

    1. NASER ad-DOWLA FARKHUNDA ALI KHAN ASAF
      JAH IV
      , 4th Nizam of Hyderabad 1829/1857 , born 25th April
      1794 in Bidar. In 1853 when General Fraser
      left Hyderabad and in his place General C.B. Low took over as the
      Resident,
      he received a message from Lord Dalhousie to inform the Nizam to pay
      sixty-four
      lakh rupees which were due to the British for maintaining the
      Contingent.
      On 20th May 1853 a new treaty was concluded by which the strength of
      the
      Contingent force was settled for its payments. The Contingent ceased to
      be a part of the Nizam’s Army and became an auxiliary force kept by the
      British Government for the benefit of Hyderabad State, married
      Dilwar-u-Nisa Begum, and had
      issue. He died 18th May 1857.

      • Mir Tahniath Ali Khan Afzal ad-Dowla Mahbub Ali Khan Asaf
        Jah V (by Dilwar-u-Nisa Begum) (qv)
      • Roshanuddaula

 

    1. MIR TAHNIATH ALI KHAN AFZAL
      ad-DOWLA
      MAHBUB ALI KHAN ASAF
      JAH V
      , 5th Nizam of Hyderabad 1857/1869 , born 11th October
      1827. On 31st August
      1861
      the order of the Star of India was conferred on Nawab Afzal-ud-Daula.
      Dominion
      was divided into five Subas and sixteen districts. Each Suba was headed
      by a Subedar and each district was under a Taluqdar. During the reign
      of
      Nawab Afzal-ud-Daula, the reforms carried out by Sir Salar Jung
      included
      the establishment of a Government central treasury in 1855, married
      Wadid-u-Nisa Begum. He died
      26th
      February 1869.
    1. Lt.Gen. HH MUZAFFAR ul-MAMALIK NIZAM
      ul-MULK NIZAM
      ad-DOWLA Nawab Mir Sir MAHBUB ALI KHAN Bahadur Fath Jang ASAF JAH VI
      ,
      6th Nizam of Hyderabad 1869/1911, born 17th August 1866, G.C.B.,
      G.C.S.I., Lt.Gen.
      (Hon.)
      1910. On 5th November 1902 an agreement was signed by the Nizam’s
      government
      assigning Berar districts to the British on lease on payment of Rs.25
      lakh
      per annum. “In the Nizam’s dominion, medical treatment and medical
      education
      reached a high standard of excellence. Here was held the famous
      chloroform
      commission which was due to the liberality and scientific interest of
      the
      Nizam and the energy and enthusiasm of Dr.Lawrie, the presidency
      surgeon”.
      “British Medical Journal 1895”. In 1893 Mahboob Ali Khan announced a
      major
      reform in the constitution of the government through an edict called
      “Qanunche
      Mubarick”. On 5th May 1905 Victoria Memorial Orphanage was established
      in memory of Queen Victoria. In 1878 Madrasa-I-Aliya was founded and in
      1908 the Mahboobia girls school was set up. On Tuesday 28th September
      1908
      Hyderabad witnessed disastrous floods of the river musi, flowing
      through
      the city. On 5th February 1885 her majesty the queen empress conferred
      upon his highness the honour of grand commander of the star of India.
      His
      highness had a sudden stroke of paralysis and succumbed to it at 12:30
      p.m at Falaknuma palace on Tuesday, August 29 1911 at the age of 46
      years.
      He married a number of times and had issue.

      • Lt.Gen. H.E.H. Asaf Jah Muzaffar-ul-Mamalik Nizam-ul-Mulk
        Nizam-ud-Daula
        Nawab Mir Sir Osman Ali Khan Bahadur Fath Jang Asaf Jah VII (by
        Amat uz-Zehra Begum) (qv)
      • Sahibzadi Dawudunissa Begum (5th daughter), married
        Monaziruddin Khan
        Nazir
        Jung Paigah and had issue.

 

    1. Lt.Gen. H.E.H. Asaf Jah
      Muzaffar-ul-Mamalik Nizam-ul-Mulk Nizam-ud-Daula
      Nawab Mir Sir OSMAN ALI KHAN Bahadur Fath Jang ASAF JAH VII
      ,
      7th Nizam of Hyderabad
      1911/1967, Mir Osman Ali Khan was born in Hyderabad on 6th April 1886
      at
      Purani Haveli, educated privately, G.C.S.I. [cr.1911], G.B.E. (civil)
      [cr.1917].
      Mir Osman Ali Khan was a great scholar and wrote poetry in Urdu and
      Persian.
      On 14th April 1906 he was married to Dulhan Pasha Begum, daughter of
      Nawab
      Jahangir Jung at Eden Bagh at the age of 21. In 1911 Mir Osman Ali Khan
      was proclaimed the Nizam by Nawab Shahab Jung, the Minister of
      police.In
      1912 Maharaja sir Kishen Pershad resigned as the Prime Minister and in
      his place Nawab Yousuf Ali Khan Salar Jung III was appointed as the
      Prime
      Minister. In 1914 Salar Jung resigned and the Nizam took the
      administration.
      Under the first head may be mentioned the despatch of the Hyderabad
      Imperial
      Service cavalry to Egypt in 1914. His exalted highness was the honorary
      Colonel of the 20 Deccan Horse. In 1918, Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan was
      elevated
      by King George V from “His Highness” to “His Exalted Highness”. In a
      letter
      dated 24th January, 1918, the title “Faithful Ally of the British
      Government”
      was conferred on him, married (amongst others), Mazharunnisa Begum,
      died 18th June 1964, and had issue. He died 24th February 1967.

      • HH Walashan Nawab Sir Mir Himayat Ali Khan Azam Jah,
        Prince of Berar,
        born
        22nd February 1907, married 12th November 1931 in Nice, HIH Princess
        Dürrühshehvar
        Sultana of Turkey, died 7th February 2006 in London, and had issue. He
        died 9th October 1970.

        • H.E.H. Nizam al-Molk Fath Jang Barkat Ali Khan Mukarram
          Jah Asaf
          Jah
          VIII (qv)
        • Mir Karamat Ali Khan Muffakham Jah, born 1939, educated
          at Harrow
          School
          1952/1957 and at Balliol College, Oxford 1957/1960.
      • Sahibzada Nawab Muazam Jah, born 22nd December 1907,
        married 1stly, 12th
        November
        1931 in Nice, Princess Nilüfer Hanim Sultana of Turkey, died sp, married
        2ndly, 19th October 1948 (nikah), Razia Begum, married 3rdly,
        Sahibzadi Anwar Begum, and had
        issue.

        • Sahibzada Imdad Jah, married, and had issue.
          • Sahibzada Dilshad Jah
        • Sahibzada Shahainat Ali Khan (by Sahibzadi Anwar Begum)
        • Sahibzadi Fatima Fouzia (by Razia Begum), born
          1950, married and has issue.

          • Sahibzada Himayat Ali Mirza
        • Sahibzadi (name unknown) (by Razia Begum), born
          1951.
        • Sahibzadi (name unknown) (by Razia Begum), born
          1953.

 

  1. H.E.H. Nizam al-Molk Fath Jang
    BARKAT
    ALI KHAN MUKARRAM
    JAH ASAF JAH VIII
    , 8th Nizam of Hyderabad (see above)

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