|PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The
one time, the most powerful of the Sikh
confederacies, north of the Sutlej. Its first leader was Jai Singh, the
son of a Sandhu Jat cultivator named Kushali who lived at the village
of Kanah, which had been founded by one of his tribe, some 39
kilometres from Lahore. From the native village of its leader the
confederacy took its name. The village of Rukhanwala alone, is
guaranteed to the family in perpetuity. The Kanhaiya Misl united
with the Sukerchakia Misl in 1796. Territory
held by the misl (1759) was Ajnala,
Sohiau, Nag, Gurdaspur, Dera Baba Nanak, Kalanaur, Pathankot and
Sujanpur. Members were….
- Sardar Jai Singh,
1st Misldhar of Kanhaiya, born 1712, he and his younger brother, joined
confederacy of Kapur Singh, known as the Faizullapuria, Faizasadpuria
or Singhpuria misl in about 1749, on his brother’s death he succeeded
to his brother’s share of the estate and married the widow according to
the rites of ‘chaddar dalna‘;
he soon became a powerful chief, and seized Nag, Mukerian, Haji,
Kerrot, Uthiam and other Awan villages, whilst his associates all won
jagirs for themselves; in 1783 he marched against Jandiala, and
plundered Rasulpur and Mandiala, and then attached the possessions of
Wazir Singh and Bhagwan Singh, the two Nakkai chiefs and compelled them
to submit; in 1784, he insulted Sardar Mahan Singh Sukerchakia who
plotted his revenge, and with some disaffected allies, including Raja
Sansar Chand of Kangra, he marched to Battala and met Jai Singh’s son
in battle, the latter was killed and the Kanhaiya forces were routed;
he was distressed at the death of his son and gave no further
resistance, Kangra fort was returned to Raja Sansar Chand and he
to Jassa Singh Ramgarhia his estate, and to placate Mahan Singh, he
betrothed his grand-daughter to Mahan Singh’s son, Ranjit Singh;
others) (a) in 1759, Bibiji Desan Kaur, his brother’s widow, married
(b), 177x, a daughter of Sardar Bhag Singh Hallowali, a Bhangi
and had issue. He died 1793.
- Sardar Gurbakhsh Singh (by Desan Kaur), born 1759, by a
startagem he secured the strong Fort of Kangra in 1783 and became
the Hill States; married 1stly, a daughter of Raja Hamir Singh of Nabha, married 2ndly, 1768,
Bibiji Sada Kaur, born 1762, died 1832,
daughter of Sardar
Dasaundha Singh Gill of Alkolwala, she became the head of the Kanhaiya
after the death of her father-in-law, she retained possession of most
of the Kanhaiya estates until they were seized by her son-in-law in
1820, and had issue, one daughter. He was killed by an arrow in a
battle near Batala
in February 1785.
- Bibiji Mahtab Kaur, born 1780, betrothed in 1785 and
the end of 1786, Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore.
- Bhaggat Singh
- Nidhan Singh
- Bhag Singh
- Sardarni Sada Kaur,
2nd Misldharani of Kanhaiya 1793/1796, born 1762, married and had
issue, one daughter (see above). She died 1832.
- Kushali, he eked out a living selling hay at Lahore,
married and had issue.
- Sardar Jai Singh (qv)
- Jhanda Singh, married Bibiji Desan Kaur, he was killed in
a fight with Nidhan Singh Randhawa at Rawalkotli in 1759.
- Singha, married and had issue.
- Hem Singh, he received a grant of the ilaka of
Rukhanwala, worth 40,000Rs, after the capture of Kassur and later in
1807, he received another estate at Khodian, worth 10,000Rs; married
and had issue. He died 1820.
- Mohr Singh, he took part in battles at Multan and in
Kashmir, and in 1821, he was stationed at Pul Kanjri and Waniki to
guard the ferries, married and had issue. He died at Waniki in 1823.
- Anup Singh
- Sarup Singh, married and had issue. He died 1832.
- Jit Singh, born 1814, married and had issue.
- Jaggat Singh, born 1838.
- Sham Singh, born 1845,
- Ram Singh, born 1846,
- Narain Singh, born 1847.
- Gurdit Singh, born 1827.
- Attar Singh, married seven wives, and had issue.
- Mehtab Singh
- Megh Singh, he served in the Ghorcharahs till
- Baghel Singh, he was a Sidhu Jat cultivator of the village
of Julka not far from Kanah (see above), married and had issue.
- Sardar Hakikat Singh [Haqiqat], he was in the service of
Singhpuria, and on his death, he set himself up as an independent
chief and became the leader
of another section of the Kanhaiya misl; he then occupied Kalanaur,
Pathankot and several other villages, married and had issue. He died
- Sardar Jaimal Singh, born 1771, he managed to retain
his family’s possessions, but did not add to them; married 1stly,
Kaur, born 1771, died 1801, daughter of Raja Amar Singh of Patiala, married 2ndly, and
issue. He diedin 1812 and
his estates were transferred to Prince Kharak Singh.
- Ranjit Singh, died 1808.
- Bibiji Chand Kaur, born 1802, married 6th February
1812, Maharaja Kharak Singh of Lahore,
and had issue. She died 1842.
- Chanda Singh, born posthumously in 1812, married and
had issue. He died 1861.
- Kesra Singh, born 1836, married Bibiji (name
unknown) Kaur, daughter of Colonel Sardar Jaggat Singh Mann of Mogalchak, and had issue.
- Isra Singh, born 1850, married a daughter of Sardar
Amar Singh Bhagga.
- Bibiji (name
unknown) Kaur, married Sardar Kahn Singh Behlolpur.
- Bibiji (name
unknown) Kaur, married Sardar Hatraj Singh Bandala.
- Mehtab Singh, married and had issue.
- Sardar Fateh Singh, married and had issue.
- Bibiji (name
unknown) Kaur, married Sardar Gurdit Singh Bhangi.
- Sarup Singh Kanhaiya of Fatehgarh, died after 1890.
- Musada Singh
- Jassa Singh Sangatpuria, brother of Baghel Singh (see
above, Family II), he and his son fought with the Kanhaiya misl, and
shared its good and bad fortunes, married and had issue.
- Charrat Singh, he obtained some 28 villages in the
Amritsar and Gurdaspur districts, valued at 40,000Rs, which he held
until his death, and were inherited by his three sons, married and had
- Sardul Singh, he and his brothers shared in their
fathers property, but in 1802, their estates were seized by Ranjit
Singh, who gave them other jagirs in lieu, he received the jagir of
married and had issue.
- Ran Singh, married and had issue. He died 1861.
- Gurmukh Singh, married and had issue.
- Nar Singh, he received the jagirs of Kotlah,
Sheikhanwala and Kotla Majaka, with a cash allowance of 1,000Rs p.a.;
married a daughter of Sardar Sadho Singh Kotli, and had issue. He died
- Ram Singh, he served with the Kanhaiya Ghorcharahs,
and later was appointed Commandant of the French regiment; after
annexation his jagirs were confiscated but he was granted a life
pension of 360Rs p.a., married a daughter of Sardar Sham Singh Mann of Mugalchak, and had issue. He died 1850.
- Arbel Singh, married and had issue.
- Sant Singh, born 1854.
- Uttam Singh, born 1860.
- Bulant Singh, born 186x.
- Isa Singh, married and had issue.
- Sham Singh, born 1809, he served with the Irregular
Cavalry, appointed a Jamadar in 1857 and was granted some land at
- Kahn Singh, born 1814, he served with the
- Didar Singh, he was placed in the orderly guard on a
salary of 60Rs p.m. He died 1851.