KANIKA

 

KANIKA (Zamindari)

 

 

 

AREA: xx km2 REVENUE: xx ACCESSION: xx
STATE: Orissa DYNASTY:  Bhanja RELIGION: Hindu

 

 

PRESENT RULER: 
Raja Shri SHIVENDRA NARAYAN
BHANJ DEO
, Raja Saheb of Kanika since 1st
October 2009. (The Palace, P.O. – Kanika, Dist. – Cuttack,
Orissa,
India)

 

 

married Rani Mrinalini Devi,
daughter of Yuvraj
Uppen Singh Ju Deo of Jashpur, and his
wife, Yuvrani Mohini Devi [now Rajmata Mohini Devi of Jashpur].

 

 

PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: 
Traditionally
founded by Jagadishwar Bhanj, son of Raja Lakshman Raj Bhanj of
Mayurbhanj
around 726AD. More likely founded by Bhujabal Bhanja, a brother of the
Raja of Mayurbhanj around 1200AD. The conquest of Orissa in 1803 was
followed by
consolidation of the British authority in this part of the country. The
movement
started in 1804 by three rajas, namely the Rajas of Khurda, Kanika and
Kujang, and it assumed
formidable proportions when a triple alliance, both offensive and
defensive was
former among them with a view to driving out the foreign invader from
their
soil. It did not stop also either with the defeat of the rajas in 1805
or
with the dethronement of the Raja of Kanika in the same year, the death
of the
regent Jayi Rajaguru in 1806 and the ultimate banishment of Raja
Mukunda Deva II of Khurda from his kingdom in 1807. On the contrary, it
continued to gain momentum. The
raja of Khurda was still regarded as the “Fallen but revered descendant
and
representative of their ancient native sovereigns”. More and more rajas
came
forward to join either openly or secretly: the storm centre continued
to be the
same — Khurda, Kanika and Kujang. These rajas became more and more
defiant and
aggressive. And though not an active participant, the raja of Khurda
was the
guiding spirit of the struggle against the British in 1817 which, to
quote
British historian G. Toynbee, was a “veritable storm that burst with
such
relentless fury as to threaten the expulsion of the British, if not
from the
whole of Orissa, at least from the territory of Khurda”. Rulers were…

  • Raja BHUJABAL BHANJ,
    Raja of Kanika, he lived around 1200.
  • Raja BISHWANATH BHANJ,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja TRILOCHAN BHANJ I,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja GOPINATH BHANJ I,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja PARAMANANDA BHANJ I,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja DIBYASINHA BHANJ I,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja NARASINHA BHANJ I,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja TRIBIKRAM BHANJ I,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja GANGADHAR BHANJ,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja GOPAL BHANJ I,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja BASUDEB BHANJ I,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja RAGHUNATH BHANJ,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja LAKSHMAN BHANJ,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja BAIRAGI BHANJ I,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja TRILOCHAN BHANJ II,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja GOPINATH BHANJ II,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja PARAMANANDA BHANJ II,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja SARBASINHA BHANJ,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja BASUDEB BHANJ II,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja DIBYASINHA BHANJ II,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja NARASINHA BHANJ II,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja TRIBIKRAM BHANJ II,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja GADADHAR BHANJ,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja GOPINATH BHANJ III,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja DASARATHI BHANJ,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja GOPAL BHANJ II,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja BAIRAGI BHANJ II,
    Raja of Kanika -/1803
  • Raja BALBHADRA BHANJ DEO,
    Raja of Kanika 1803/1817, captured and sent to
    Midnapur as a prisoner in July 1805; married a daughter of the Raja of
    Kaladwip Ilaka.
  • Raja JAGANNATH BHANJ DEO,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja HARIHAR BHANJ DEO,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja BENAYAK BHANJ DEO,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja TRIBIKRAM BHANJ DEO
    III
    ,
    Raja of Kanika
  • Raja PADMANAVA BHANJ DEO,
    Raja of Kanika, married and had adoptive issue.

    • (A) Raja Bahadur Sir Rajendra Narayan Bhanj Deo
      Bahadur (qv)
  • Raja NRIPENDRANATH BHANJ
    DEO
    , Raja of Kanika, he died while still a minor. 
  • Raja Bahadur Sir RAJENDRA
    NARAYAN BHANJ DEO Bahadur
    , Raja of Kanika
    1899/-, born
    24th March 1881 (#1) as Rajkumar Bansidhar
    Deb, younger brother of Raja Pitamber Deb of Aul,
    he was adopted to Kanika in 1896; educated at Ravenshaw Collegiate
    School and Ravenshaw
    College, Cuttack; he took charge of the estate on attaining his
    majority in 1902; he was nominated Member of the Advisory Fishery Board
    in 1908; he attended the Royal Coronation in England at Westminster
    Abbey in 1911; elected to the Provincial Council of Orissa in 1912;
    elected to the Council of Bihar and Orissa in 1916; President of the
    Orissa Landholder’s Association; Member, Royal Asiatic Society, London;
    Member, Patna University Committee; Member, Governing Body of Ravenshaw
    College; Member, Managing Committee of the Ravenshaw Girls’ High
    English School, Cuttack; he was granted the title of Raja in 1910 as a
    personal distinction, which was made hereditary in 1919, he was granted
    the enhanced title of Raja Bahadur in 1934; he was awarded the
    O.B.E. in 1934; married 1899, a daughter of Raja Ladu Kishore
    Mandhata,
    Chief of Nayagarh, and had issue, one
    son
    and one daughter.

    • Raja Saheb Sailendra Narayan Bhanj Deo (qv)
    • Rani Kanak Lata Devi, born 30th September 1909, M.L.A.
      (Orissa) 1957/1961; Chairman of Social Welfare Board; awarded a
      certificate from Orissa Sahitya
      Accademi for her literary work; author of Bhakti Puspanjali, Tarani
      Sen
      , Ram Bhagaban, Narayan Chandra Biyega, Dukhini
      Bharat Mata
      , Puyusa Dhara, Uchhas
      Taranga
      , Satkosia, Oriyanka Prathana, Pramila
      Kabya Sati Kabya
      , and Bhaochhwas; interests and pastimes
      were Reading. Writing Poems and Drama Books; married
      1929, Raja Bahadur Ananta
      Narayan Mansingh
      Harichandan
      Mahapatra
      of Narsinghpur, and had issue, one
      son and one daughter. She died 14th February 1986.
  • Raja Saheb SAILENDRA
    NARAYAN BHANJ DEO
    B.A., Raja of Kanika -/1982, born
    29th September 1908, M.L.A. (Orissa) 1946/1971; elected Municipal
    Commissioner in
    1932; took an active part in Utkal Sammelani Movement; elected from
    Rajnagar
    Mahakalpada to Cuttack District Board 1934/1937; elected as Independent
    Candidate from Landholders’ Constituency in 1946; elected Leader of
    Opposition 1946/1951; Member, Orissa Jail Reforms
    Committee, 1954;  he was nominated as Speaker for a short
    period when the new constitution came into operation in 1952; Chairman,
    Public Accounts Committee, 1946/1951; remained in Opposition
    till 1956, joined the Congress Party in 1957 and became Minister of
    works in the
    coaliton ministry and took a keen interest in Balimela and Talcher
    projects; Appointed Chairman Flood Inquiry Committee; interests and
    pastimes were Shooting, Boat building, Sailing and Reading; married
    Rani Manjul Manjari Devi, daughter of Raja Sriram Chandra Singh Deo of Kharsawan, and his wife, Rani Giriraj Devi,
    and had issue, three sons.  He died 19th July 1982.

    • Raja Saheb Shri Rabindra Narayan Bhanj Deo (qv)
    • Pattayet Saheb Shri Saurendra Narayan Bhanj Deo, married
      Kumari Paresh Kumari Devi of Raidih, a zamindari of Kharswan, and has
      issue, one daughter and one son.

      • Kumari Jayanti Devi, married Shri Deepak Samantray,
        an industrialist, and has issue, one son and one daughter.
      • Kumar Shuvendra Narain Bhanj Deo
    • Kumar Saheb Shri Jyotirendra Narayan Bhanj Deo, married
      Rajkumari Indu Prabha Devi, daughter of Raja Birendra Bikram Singh of Payagpur (U.P.), and has issue, one son
      and one daughter.

      • Kumar Girendra Narayan Bhanj Deo, married Kumari
        Durga Devi, only daughter of Thakur Saheb
        Pushpendrasinhji
        Narendrasinhji of Virpur, and has
        issue, two sons.

        • Kumar Ujendra Bhanj Deo
        • Kumar Ajendra Bhanj Deo
      • Kumari Vijaya Raj Laxmi, married Kunwar Ambarish
        Singh, son of Kunwar Balwant Singh of Shahpura (Rajasthan), and has
        issue, one daughter.

        • Kumari Bhargavi Singh
  • Raja Saheb Shri RABINDRA
    NARAYAN BHANJ DEO
    , Raja of Kanika 1982/2009,
    Member of the Executive Committee of Rajkumar College at
    Raipur; married and had issue. He died 1st October 2009 at Bhubaneswar
    aged 72.

    • Raja Shri Shivendra Narayan Bhanj Deo (qv)
    • Rani Rajlaxmi Singh Deo, married Col. (Ret’d.) Raja
      Chhatrapati
      Singh Deo, 51st Raja Saheb of Mandasa (Manjusha),
      and has issue, two sons.
  • Raja Shri SHIVENDRA
    NARAYAN BHANJ DEO
    , Raja of Kanika (see above)

OTHER MEMBERS:

  • Rani Indumati Dei, married (as his second wife), Raja
    Brajendra
    Mansingh Bhramarbar Rai of Dompada.

 

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