KOTAH (Princely State)

(17 gun salute)


AREA: 14,828 km2 PRIVY PURSE: 700,000Rs ACCESSION: 7th April 1949
STATE: Rajasthan DYNASTY: Hada Chauhan RELIGION: Hindu


SINGH Bahadur
, 20th and present Maharao of Kotah since 20th July
1991. (Brijraj
Palace, Kota, Rajasthan, India)


born 21st
February 1934, Chairman Board of Directors, Central Co-operative Bank,
Kotah, 1959/61; Member, State Board for Preservation of Wildlife,
1959/74; Member of Lok Sabha 1962/67 and 1967/70; Member, Consultative
Committee on Defence in Parliament from 1962/77; Member, Consultative
on Civil Aviation In Parliament 1962/71; Member, Consultative Committee
on Atomic Energy in Parliament 1968/71; Member, State Planning Board,
1962/66; Member (Associate), Delimitation Commission for Rajasthan,
Member, Estimate Committee of Parliament, 1964/65 and 1969/79; Member,
Zila Parishads of Kota and Jhalawar, 1962/77; Member, Programme
Committee, A.I.R., Jaipur 1964/67; Member, Soil Conservation Centre,
1965/70; Member, Nehru Memorial Fund’s Sub-Committee, Rajasthan,
Member, Mayo College General Council, Ajmer 1955/60 and 1962/-; Member,
Board of Governors, Mayo College, Ajmer 1974/-; President, Kshatriya
Pracharak Samiti Hadoti, Kota 1962/-; Member, Indian Goodwill
to Malaysia, 1965; Member, Council for Development of Automobiles
etc. 1958/70; Director, The Bank of Rajasthan Ltd, 1963/69; President,
Bal Hitakari Samiti, Kota, 1966/-; President, Small Industries Chamber,
Kota, 1970/-; Member, Indian Board for Wildlife, 1974/77. Recreation
Hobbies: Photography, painting, hunting, reading, motoring and gliding.
Has been a top trap shooter In All-India National Championships. Stood
first in team event for Trap in 1955 and won bronze medal in 1963 for
Championships in Skeet. Clubs and Associations: President, Old Boy’s
Mayo College, Ajmer, 1953 (1976/1981); President, Working Committee of
Old Boy’s Association, Mayo College, Ajmer 1974/77 and 1981; married
5th December 1956 (annulled 11th September 1963 in Bombay), HH Maharani
Maheshwari Devi, daughter of HH
Maharawat Sir Ram Singhji II Bahadur of Pratapgarh,
married 2ndly, 1963, HH Maharani Uttara Devi, daughter of Maharaj Kumar
Indrajitendra Narayan of Cooch
Behar, and his wife, Rani Kamala Dev, and has issue.

  • Yuvaraj Ijyaraj Singh, born 1965, married a Princess of
    Suket, and has

    • Bhanwar Jaidev Singh, born 1997.
  • Maharajkumari Bhawani Kumari, born 19th October 1967,
    married 1991, Maharajkumar Jai Chand Mahtab of Burdwan, and has issue, two daughters.


state was founded
in 1631 by Kunwar Madho Singh of Bundi.
His Highness the Maharao maintains a military force of 949 cavalry,
5756 infantry, and 148 guns, and is entitled to a salute of 17 guns (as
of 1892). Rulers were…

    1. Rao MADHO SINGH,
      1st Rao of Kotah 1631/1648, he was made
      the ruler of Kotah by the Mughal
      Emperor Shahjahan in recognition of his military service to the
      emperor; married and had issue. He died 1648
      aged 66.

      • Rao Mukund Singh (see below)
      • Maharaj Mohan Singh, he was granted the Jagir of Palaitha,
        married and had issue, the Rajgarh and Dabri families. He died in the
        Battle of Dharmath near
        Ujjain on 15th April 1658.
      • Maharaj Kuniram Singh [Kanhi Ram], he was granted the
        Jagir of Koela,
        married and had issue. He died in the Battle of Dharmath near
        Ujjain on 15th April 1658.

        • Rao Pem Singh [Paim Singh] (qv)
      • Maharaj Jhujhar Singh, he was granted the Jagir of Kotra,
        and had issue. He died in the Battle of Dharmath near
        Ujjain on 15th April 1658.
      • Maharaj Kishore Singh, he was granted the jagir of
        Sangod, and later succeeded as Rao Kishore Singh I (see below)


    1. Rao MUKUND SINGH,
      2nd Rao of Kotah 1648/1658, his initially
      prosperous reign was cut short by the war
      of succession for the Mughal throne amongst the sons of Emperor
      Shahjahan, he sided with Shahjahan’s eldest son Dara
      Shikoh who was pitted against the army of his younger brothers,
      Aurangzeb and Murad, Dara Shikoh’s army was commanded by Raja Jaswant
      Singh of Jodhpur, who was assisted by Rao Mukund Singh, the two armies
      met on the battlefield at Dharmath near
      Ujjain on 15th April
      1658, the Rao and his
      three younger brothers, were killed on
      the battlefield and the youngest brother, Kishore Singh, was found
      grievously injured with 42 wounds lying under a heap of corpses but
      with some signs of life, he was taken to Kotah to
      recuperate; married and had issue, one son. He died in the Battle of
      Dharmath near
      Ujjain on 15th April 1658.

      • Rao Jagat Singh (qv)


    1. Rao JAGAT SINGH,
      3rd Rao of Kotah 1658/1683, born 1644,
      within a year of succeeding to the gadi, he was
      called on to serve the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, and he asked his
      uncle, Kishore Singh, to assist him and on 2nd January 1659, the Kotah
      forces joined the Imperial Army in attacking Shuja,
      another of Aurangzeb’s brothers. He was killed in October 1683 (Kartik Shukla Panchmi
      V.S.3 1740
      ) whilst fighting against Sheikh Minaz at


    1. Rao PEM SINGH, 4th
      Rao of Kotah 1683/1684 (deposed), within
      a year of his
      installation, the nobles of Kotah deposed him and sent him back to


      Rao of Kotah 1684/1696, he
      initially was granted the
      Jagir of
      married and had issue, three sons. He died in April 1696 in the
      battle of Arni in Karnataka.

      • Rao Bishen Singh (qv)
      • Rao Ram Singh I (qv)
      • Maharaj Harnath Singh, he was killed fighting for Rao Ram
        Singh against Bishen Singh, the eldest brother; married and had issue.
        He was killed in 1696 at the battle of Anwa.

        • Maharaj (name unknown)
          he was granted the jagir of Sangod.


    1. Rao BISHEN SINGH,
      6th Rao of Kotah 1696/1697, he succeeded to the throne when the news
      of his father’s death reached Kotah, his brother, Ram Singh, requested
      leave from the Emperor
      Aurangzeb in order to travel to Kotah to pay obeisance to his elder
      brother, Aurangzeb agreed and made Ram Singh a Mughal mansabdar of
      3,000 and
      commander of 3,000 horses, Aurganzeb also conferred Kotah upon Ram
      Singh and gave him an Imperial sanad for the kingdom as well as
      providing a contingent of the Imperial Army to accompany Ram Singh to
      Kotah; Ram Singh arrived at Kotah with his army in 1696, and a battle
      fought between the brothers at Anwa, with the youngest brother, Harnath
      Singh, siding with Ram
      Singh, Bishen Singh was grievously wounded on the battlefield and
      Harnath Singh was killed, Bishen Singh was carried away to his in-law’s
      jagir at Pander near Jahajpur in Mewar; married Rani Ranawatji, and had
      issue, she committed sati upon his funeral pyre
      and a cenotaph still marks the site where Bishen Singh was cremated. He
      died 1699 from his
      wounds at Pander.

      • Maharaj Prithvi Singh, Thakur Sahib of Antah, he was
        invited to return to Kotah from
        Pander by Rao Ram Singh, a few years after the Rao had seized the
        throne; he was granted the jagir of
        Antah, which included Antah town and twelve villages with a revenue
        of Rs. 40,000; married and had issue, five sons.

        • Kunwar Bhopal Singh, he was poisoned in court
          intrigues. He died vpsp.
        • Rao Ajit Singh (qv)
        • Maharaj Soorajmal, he was granted the jagir of
          Aton/Bambolia (12 villages and 40,000Rs), married
          had issue.

          • Several generations
            • Maharaj Dhirat Singh of Amli.
            • Maharaj Chaggan Singh of Kotra, married and had

              • Kunwar Jai Singh, he was adopted by Maharaj
                Narsingh Singh, Thakur Sahib of Bambolia, and succeeded there as
                Maharaj Jai Singh, Thakur Sahib of Bambolia.
              • Kunwar Udai Singh, he was adopted by Maharao
                Shatrusal II of Kotah in 1889, and succeeded there as Lt.-Col.(Hon). HH
                Maharao Mahendra Shri Sir
                Umaid Singh II Bahadur (see below)
        • Maharaj Bakhat Singh, he was granted the jagir of Itawa
        • Maharaj Chain Singh, he was granted the jagir of
          Sorkhand (20,000Rs)


    1. Rao RAM SINGH I,
      7th Rao of Kotah 1697/1707, went with his
      father to the Mughal court and served him faithfully; he took part with
      his father at the
      battle of Arni in Karnataka where Rao Kishore Singh was killed in April
      1696; married (amongst others), a
      sister of Raja
      Singh of Umri, and had issue. He died 1707 in the battle of Jajaw
      whilst fighting for
      the Mughal prince Azam, the Viceroy of the Deccan, against Prince
      Moazzam in the battle of succession amongst Aurangzeb’s sons.

      • Maharao Bhim Singh I (qv)


    1. Maharao BHIM SINGH I,
      Rao of Kotah 1707/1720, he was
      granted the title of
      Maharao and punj hazari; married and had issue. He
      died 19th

      • Maharao Arjun Singh (qv)
      • Maharaj Shyam Singh, died 1723.
      • Maharao Durjan Sal (qv)


    1. Maharao ARJUN SINGH,
      Rao of Kotah 1720/1723, married
      the sister of Kumar
      Shri Madhosinhji Jhala. He
      died sp 1723.


    1. Maharao DURJAN SAL,
      Rao of Kotah 1723/1756, married
      the daughter of the
      Maharana of
      He died sp 1756.


    1. Maharao AJIT SINGH,
      Rao of Kotah 1756/1758 and Thakur Sahib of Antah; he was adopted
      on Maharao Durjansal’s death and
      ascended the Kotah gaddi, but died after ruling for only
      a year-and-a-half; married
      and had issue. He
      died in 1758
      over 80 years.

      • Maharao Shatrushal Singh I [Chhatar Sal] (qv)
      • Maharao Guman Singh (qv)
      • Maharaj Raj Singh


    1. Maharao SHATRUSHAL SINGH I,
      Rao of Kotah 1758/1764, died sp


    1. Maharao GUMAN SINGH,
      Maharao of Kotah 1766/1771, married
      and had issue. He
      died 1771.

      • Maharao Umaid Singh I (qv)
      • Maharaj Goverdhan Singh
      • Maharaj Gopal Singh


    1. Maharao UMAID SINGH
      , 14th Maharao of Kotah 1771/1819, born 1761, married and had
      issue. He
      21st November 1819.

      • Maharao Kishor Singh II (qv)
      • Maharaj Bishen Singh, born about 1784.
      • Maharaj Prithvi Singh, born about 1792, married and had
        He died 1st

        • Maharao Ram Singh II (qv)
      • Maharjkumari (name unknown), married the Maharana
        of Udaipur.


    1. Maharao KISHOR SINGH II,
      Maharao of Kotah 1819/1828, born about 1781, married
      had issue.
      died 20th July 1828

      • Yuvaraj (name unknown)
        died August 1825.


    1. Maharao RAM SINGH II,
      Maharao of Kotah 1828/1866, in 1838 it was resolved,
      with the
      consent, to dismember the state, and to create the new principality of
      Jhalawar as a separate provision for the descendants of Zalim Singh
      married (amongst others), (a), the daughter of Maharaj Maha Singh of Jaisalmer, married (b),
      Maharani Mehtab Kunwar, second daughter of Raja
      BHIM SINGH II of Banera, and his third
      wife, Rani Bhatiyaniji, and had
      He died 1866.

      • Maharao Shatrushal Singh II (qv)


      , 17th Maharao of Kotah 1866/1889, born 1837, married the
      daughter of the
      of Karauli, died sp 11th June 1889.


    1. Colonel
      HH Maharao Mahendra Shri Sir UMAID
      II Bahadur, 18th Maharao of Kotah 1889/1940, born 5th
      September 1873 as Kunwar Udai Singh, son of Thakur Chaggan Singh of
      G.B.E.(civil) [cr.1918], G.C.S.I. [cr.1911], G.C.I.E. [cr.1907],
      [cr.1900], enjoys a personal salute of 19 guns, married 1stly, 21st
      1892, a daughter of HH 108 Sri Maharaj Adhiraj
      Raj Rajeshwar Ravi Kula
      Mahindra Yavadarya Kula Kamaldhivakara Chattis Rajkul Singar Maharana
      Shri Sir
      FATEH SINGHJI Bahadur Hindua Suraj Hindupati, Maharana of
      Udaipur, married 2ndly, 17th April 1897 at Bhuj,
      Maharajkumari Kesaba Saheb, daughter of HH Maharajadhiraj Mirza Maharao
      Shri Sir Khengarji
      Pragmalji III Sawai
      Bahadur of Kutch, married 3rdly, 1908, a
      sister of the
      of Isarda. He died 27th December 1940.


    1. HH Maharao Shri BHIM
      SINGH II
      Bahadur, 19th Maharao of Kotah 1940/1991, born
      14th September
      educated at Mayo College, Ajmer (Class-Captain 1928/29) from where he
      his Diploma. He was Head monitor and captain of the College Cricket
      and held college colours for tennis. He was Patron and President of the
      Governing Body of Mayo College. He was Honorary Brigadier in the Indian
      Army and also Honorary Colonal of the 17 Poona Horse. During the Second
      World War he was a member of the Viceroy’s War Council. Up-Rajpramukh
      Rajasthan State 1948/1956. He has also served as India’s alternate
      to the United Nations General Assembly in 1956 and has travelled
      all over the world. He Is keen sportsman and a wildlife photographer of
      repute. His study of wildlife is well known. He was President of the
      State Board of Wildlife since its inception and is now a Member of
      Wildlife Advisory Board. He has also given generous donations for
      and other purposes including a donation of 700,000Rs for the
      of a general hospital in Kota, which is known as ‘Maharao Bhim Singh
      Hospital.’ He was Vice-President of Bikaner Thunderbolt Rifle Club and
      also a Life member and Vice-President of the National Rifle Association
      of India. He was patron of Kota Rifle Club and President of Rajasthan
      Rifle Association. He was one of India’s top shooters in Skeet and had
      been taking part In the National championships for the over 25 years.
      this period he had won National championships a number of times and
      Team Championship several times. He has also represented India in the
      shooting championships: Took part in the Pre-olympics at Tokyo 1963,
      Captain of the Indian Shooting Team which participated in the Singapore
      Shooting Championships in 1969. Member of the Indian Shooting Team for
      the World Shooting Championships at San Sebastian, Spain in 1969,
      India in the Polar Prize held in Finland 1970, represented India in the
      2nd Asian Shooting Championships held at Sepul, missing the third
      by only one point 1971, represented India in the VII Asian Games in
      held in Tehran 1974, represented India in the 3rd Asian Shooting
      held at Kuala Lumpur 1975, Captain of the Indian Shooting Team which
      part in the Montreal Olympics 1976 (in the selection trials he broke
      National Record by shooting 195 birds out of 200 which included 100
      birds), Captain of the Indian Shooting Team for the VIII Asian Games
      In Bangkok 1979. Vice-President of the National Rifle Association of
      President of the Rajasthan State Rifle Association, Member of the IX
      Games General Organizing Committee. Awarded the ‘Arjuna Award’ in 1971
      for the sport of Shooting, married 1930, HH
      Shiv Kumari,
      born 1913, daughter of Maj.-Gen.HH
      Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Narendra Siromani Maharaja Sri Sir GANGA
      of Bikaner,
      his second wife,
      HH Maharani Sri
      Bhatiyaniji Sahiba;
      M.L.A. of Khanpur,
      District Jhalawar for one term,
      1966 to 1971,
      and had issue, one son and two daughters. He died
      20th July 1991.

      • HH Maharao Shri Brijraj Singh Bahadur (qv)
      • Maharajkumari Indra Kumari [HH Rani Indra Kumari of
        Rajgarh], married HH Raja Rawat VIKRAMADITYA SINGH
        Bahadur of Rajgarh,
        M.P., born 18th December 1936.
      • Bai Saheba Bhuvaneshwari Kumari [Thakurani Bhuvaneshwari
        Kumari of Malasar], married Thakur Devi Singhji of Malasar.


  1. HH Maharao Shri BRIJRAJ
    Bahadur (see above)


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