MULTHAN

 

MULTHAN (Princely State)

 

 

AREA: 259 km2 REVENUE: 150,000Rs (1947) ACCESSION: 
STATE:  Madhya Pradesh DYNASTY:  Rathore
(Ratansinghot clan)
RELIGION:  Hindu
POPULATION:  7,644
(1901)

 

PRESENT RULER: Maharaj Shri
RAGHUVEER
SINGHJI
, 13th and present Raja Sahib of Multhan

 

born 1971, educated at Daly College, Indore; he is a gold
medalist in
Management from S.P. University, Vidyanagar; married Sodhiji Rani
Bhuvneshwari Kumari, daughter of Kunwar Amar Singhji of Rar-mau, and
has issue.

  • Yuvraj Krishneshwar Singh, born 2005.

 

Predecessors and Short History: 
An independent Princely State in present day Madhya Pradesh, it came
into existence on 13th October 1656/7 in a division of territories
granted to Rao Ratan Singh of Ratlam by Padshah Shahjehan of Delhi.
This division was carried out by Ratan Singhji himself
prior to the fateful battle of Dharmat (Fatehabad) in 1658.
Each of his sons were granted a territory independent of the
other. With the degeneration of the Mughal Empire, Multhan became de
facto
independent, and at the time of the advent of the British, the Multhan
rulers were styled as Raja. The treaties signed under the
aegis of Sir John Malcolm, the Multhan rulers were styled
as such and as such were recognized by the British Government. The
rulers of
this Princely State share an agnatic descent with Ratlam, Kacchi-Baroda
and Sailana, which is the younger branch of Ratlam State. Multhan has
one Thikana
under it by name of Sandla (#2) with
Sisodia Thakurs as its Jagirdars. The
title of the ruler of Multhan is Raja, and for male members of the
family it is
Maharaj. Rulers were …..

  • Maharaj SAKAT SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan 1657/1691, a younger son of Raja
    Ratan Singh of Ratlam, and his wife,
    Rani Sukhde Kunwar of Sirohi; as the Rao Sahib
    of Multhan he held a mansab in
    the
    Mughal Empire, he served with distinction
    in the imperial expeditions in the Deccan, and greatly
    distinguished himself in the storm of Golcunda Fort in 1689,
    earning rich tributes from historian Shamsuddolah Shah Nawaz Khan in
    his Persian commentary Maasir-ul-umra; he played
    important roles in the battles of Bijapur and also in the treaties
    with the Marathas, he also held the important southern outposts of
    Jinji as fort keeper for the empire and died there in its siege by
    Mirza Kambaksh in 1691; married 1stly, Rani Maya Kunwar, daughter of
    Rao Man Singh of Jaisalmer, married
    2ndly, Rani Gulab Kunwar, daughter
    of Thakur Vijay Singh of Dhamotar,
    and had adoptive issue. He died in
    battle at Jinji in 1691.

    • (A) Maharaj Anoop Singhji (qv)
  • Maharaj ANOOP SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan 1691/-, son
    of Maharaj Rai Singhji of Kacchi-Baroda,
    he
    succeeded by adoption; like his adoptive father, he also served
    in
    the imperial expeditions and bravely led the charge in
    the victorious battle at Panhala in the
    Konkan in 1708; married and had issue.

    • Maharaj Indra Singhji (qv)
  • Maharaj INDRA SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan -/-, he
    assisted his relatives, the
    rulers of Ratlam and Sailana in their conquest of Jhabua in Ashar
    Krishna 14, Samvat 1787
    ; married and had issue.

    • Maharaj Raj Singhji (qv)
    • Maharaj Roop Singhji (qv)
  • Maharaj RAJ SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan, his
    short reign
    was uneventful, he died sp.
  • Maharaj ROOP SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan 1756/-, he
    succeeded to the gaddi in
    1756, maried (amongst others), Rani Sunelji (Junior Rani), committed sati,
    daughter
    of the Sunel
    ruler of Barwah.
  • Maharaj CHHATRA SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan, he was the
    nephew of Maharaj Roop
    Singhji, and ruled for a short period of seven years. He died sp.
  • Maharaj ANAND SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan, he was the
    younger brother
    of
    Chhatra Singhji; he proved to be a worthy successor, during his reign,
    he fortified
    Multhan, built a strong bastion at Borda at the triple junction of
    rivers Mahi, Bagedi and Rattagiri, and in a pitched battle he defeated
    and drove away the Makrani mercenaries, ably assisted by the
    brave Umat (Parmar) and tribal Meena subjects; married and had issue.

    • Maharaj Lakshman Singhji (qv)
  • Maharaj LAKSHMAN SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan, during
    his reign he successfully
    repelled
    the forces of the Gaekwad ruler of Baroda but succumbed to the
    wounds inflicted upon him by the Marathas; married and had issue.

    • Maharaj Sawai Singhji (qv)
  • Maharaj SAWAI SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan 1810/1849,
    he  had an eventful
    reign, during which he personally aided his brotherly state of Ratlam
    against
    the large army of Scindia ruler of Gwalior, even against the wishes of
    Sir John
    Malcolm, in the Battle of Uchangarh on the banks of river Mahi, where
    the forces of Scindia were
    routed and the Maratha commander Bapu Scindia fled from the battle
    field; soon afterwards, the British mediated treaties between the
    native
    Rajput rulers and the Marathas; in 1820, under the aegis
    of Sir John Malcolm, a treaty was signed at Bhopawar between the Puars
    of Dhar and Multhan, with the British Government signing as guarantor
    against infringement of standing rights of the Rajput ruler, the
    exact import of this clause in the treaty was to remain a perennial
    cause of friction between the two parties; Maharaj Sawai Singhji also
    mediated in the succession of Balwant Singhji of Ratlam under the
    auspices of Maharana Bhim Singhji of Mewar; he married Rani Waghelji
    Man Kunwar of Mansa, and had issue. He died 1849.

    • Maharaj Dalpat Singhji (qv)
  • Maharaj DALPAT SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan 1849/1900,
    born 1838, succeeded as a
    minor in 1849 (#1);
    Multhan
    remained largely unaffected by the upheavals of the revolt of 1857
    against the British, the Rajmata Wagheliji Man Kunwar, while she was
    the guardian of the minor ruler gave
    protection and shelter to the residents of Badnawar during the
    anarchy that resulted from the revolt, the Diwan, Ismail Khan, under
    his protection led the women and children of the British officers to
    safety to Mandsaur; Raja Bakhtawar Singhji of Amjhera is
    said to have taken refuge at the Borda fortress during his struggle
    with the British; Maharaj Dalpat Singhji outlived his sons who having
    no male
    issue left the ageing ruler without an heir; his
    widow in 1901 adopted
    Rajkumar Bharat Singh, second son of HH Raja Jaswant
    Singhji of Sailana, and his wife, HH
    Rani Yashwant Kunwar of Dhariawad; married Rani Wagheliji Sardar
    Kunwar, and had adoptive issue.
    He died 1900 without surviving issue.

    • Yuvaraj Hindu Singhji, married and had issue, one
      daughter.

      • Yuvrani Sajjan Kunwar, married Yuvaraj Ranjitsinhji
        Vakhatsinhji of Lunawada, and had
        issue.
    • Rajkumar Abhay Singhji, married and had issue.
      • Rani Daulat Kanwar, married (as his third wife),
        Rawat Takhat Singh of Bansi.
    • (A) Dharmalankar Dharm-Bhushan Dharm-Diwaker
      Sahityabhusan
      Shreeman Maharaj
      Bharat Singhji
      Sahib
      (qv)
  • Dharmalankar Dharm-Bhushan Dharm-Diwaker Sahityabhusan
    Shreeman Maharaj
    BHARAT SINGHJI
    Sahib
    , Raja of Multhan 1901/1971, born 1894 and
    succeeded by adoption on 26th August 1901, educated at Mayo College,
    Ajmer; Maharaj Bharat Singhji is often
    referred to as the second founder of Multhan for the progress that
    Multhan made under his tenure; he was widely known and respected on
    the one hand for his just and efficient administration and on the other
    for his wisdom, strength of his character and his commanding knowledge
    of religious matters, for which he was awarded many titles, including, Dhramalankar,Dhramabhusan, Dharmadiwakar, Sahityabhusan
    etc.; he increased the state’s revenue
    through
    benevolent means viz. low taxation, improved irrigation, quick
    justice and provision of civic amenities; he placed much emphasis on
    education and maintenance of law and order; he built a
    new palace at Multhan in 1919, which he himself designed; he was fond
    of gardens
    and
    architecture, which was manifested in the planned layout of Multhan
    and the laying of the Dalapat Bagh Gardens which were a connoisseur’s
    delight; the Maharaj Sahib was the last ruler of Multhan till the
    formation of Indian Union as a republic; he married 1stly, Rani Aman
    Kunwar, second daughter of
    Thakur Kesri Singhji of Achrol,
    married 2ndly, February 1935, Rani
    Jayendra Kunwar [née Rajkumari Baiji Lal Jam
    Kunwarba
    Sahiba], daughter of
    HH Raj Sahib Sir Ajitsinhji Jashwantsinhji of Dhrangadhra, and his second wife, HH
    Rani Majiraba Sahiba, and had
    issue.
    He died 1971.

    • Rajkumari Kamla Kunwar, born 1917, married Tikka Mahendra
      Singhji of Tharoch.
    • Rajkumari Mangala Kunwar, born 1927, married Thakur
      Narendra Singhji of Namli.
    • Rajkumari Uma Kunwar, born 1930, married Maharaj Narendra
      Singhji of Rajpipla.
    • Maharaj Shri Rameshwar Singhji (qv)
  • Maharaj RAMESHWAR SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan
    1971/1973, born 1932, a prince of
    great
    intellect, he was educated at Daly College, Indore, Loughborrow, Oxford
    and the
    Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich where he had the
    privilege of being a pupil of the celebrated Noble Laureate, Albert
    Einstein; he was also a good player of chess and won a
    championship in Zurich defeating his Egyptian rival, his untimely
    death at the age of forty one was a big loss for his people and the
    society at large; married Rani Jhaliji Kusum Kumari, daughter of Thakur
    Indra Singhji of Lakhtar, married
    2ndly, Rani Jadeji Kusum Kumari,
    daughter of Kumar Shri Kishore Singhji of Mengni, and had issue, one
    son and four daughters.

    • Rajkumari Rajshree Kumari (by Rani Jhaliji), born 1964.
    • Rajkumari Meenakshi Kumari (by Rani Jadeji), born 1965,
      married Maharaj Brijraj Singh Judev of Datia.
    • Rajkumari Sumitra Kumari (by Rani Jadeji), born 1966.
    • Rajkumari Neelambari Kumari (by Rani Jadeji), born 1969,
      married Yuvraj Prabhan Pratap Singh of Katesar.
    • Maharaj Raghuveer Singhji (by Rani Jadeji) (qv)
  • Maharaj Shri RAGHUVEER
    SINGHJI
    , Raja of Multhan (see
    above)

 

Leave a Reply