|Predecessors and Short History:
An independent Princely State in present day Madhya Pradesh, it came
into existence on 13th October 1656/7 in a division of territories
granted to Rao Ratan Singh of Ratlam by Padshah Shahjehan of Delhi.
This division was carried out by Ratan Singhji himself
prior to the fateful battle of Dharmat (Fatehabad) in 1658.
Each of his sons were granted a territory independent of the
other. With the degeneration of the Mughal Empire, Multhan became de
independent, and at the time of the advent of the British, the Multhan
rulers were styled as Raja. The treaties signed under the
aegis of Sir John Malcolm, the Multhan rulers were styled
as such and as such were recognized by the British Government. The
this Princely State share an agnatic descent with Ratlam, Kacchi-Baroda
and Sailana, which is the younger branch of Ratlam State. Multhan has
under it by name of Sandla (#2) with
Sisodia Thakurs as its Jagirdars. The
title of the ruler of Multhan is Raja, and for male members of the
family it is
Maharaj. Rulers were …..
- Maharaj SAKAT SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan 1657/1691, a younger son of Raja
Ratan Singh of Ratlam, and his wife,
Rani Sukhde Kunwar of Sirohi; as the Rao Sahib
of Multhan he held a mansab in
Mughal Empire, he served with distinction
in the imperial expeditions in the Deccan, and greatly
distinguished himself in the storm of Golcunda Fort in 1689,
earning rich tributes from historian Shamsuddolah Shah Nawaz Khan in
his Persian commentary Maasir-ul-umra; he played
important roles in the battles of Bijapur and also in the treaties
with the Marathas, he also held the important southern outposts of
Jinji as fort keeper for the empire and died there in its siege by
Mirza Kambaksh in 1691; married 1stly, Rani Maya Kunwar, daughter of
Rao Man Singh of Jaisalmer, married
2ndly, Rani Gulab Kunwar, daughter
of Thakur Vijay Singh of Dhamotar,
and had adoptive issue. He died in
battle at Jinji in 1691.
- (A) Maharaj Anoop Singhji (qv)
- Maharaj ANOOP SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan 1691/-, son
of Maharaj Rai Singhji of Kacchi-Baroda,
succeeded by adoption; like his adoptive father, he also served
the imperial expeditions and bravely led the charge in
the victorious battle at Panhala in the
Konkan in 1708; married and had issue.
- Maharaj Indra Singhji (qv)
- Maharaj INDRA SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan -/-, he
assisted his relatives, the
rulers of Ratlam and Sailana in their conquest of Jhabua in Ashar
Krishna 14, Samvat 1787; married and had issue.
- Maharaj Raj Singhji (qv)
- Maharaj Roop Singhji (qv)
- Maharaj RAJ SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan, his
was uneventful, he died sp.
- Maharaj ROOP SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan 1756/-, he
succeeded to the gaddi in
1756, maried (amongst others), Rani Sunelji (Junior Rani), committed sati,
of the Sunel
ruler of Barwah.
- Maharaj CHHATRA SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan, he was the
nephew of Maharaj Roop
Singhji, and ruled for a short period of seven years. He died sp.
- Maharaj ANAND SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan, he was the
Chhatra Singhji; he proved to be a worthy successor, during his reign,
Multhan, built a strong bastion at Borda at the triple junction of
rivers Mahi, Bagedi and Rattagiri, and in a pitched battle he defeated
and drove away the Makrani mercenaries, ably assisted by the
brave Umat (Parmar) and tribal Meena subjects; married and had issue.
- Maharaj Lakshman Singhji (qv)
- Maharaj LAKSHMAN SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan, during
his reign he successfully
the forces of the Gaekwad ruler of Baroda but succumbed to the
wounds inflicted upon him by the Marathas; married and had issue.
- Maharaj Sawai Singhji (qv)
- Maharaj SAWAI SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan 1810/1849,
he had an eventful
reign, during which he personally aided his brotherly state of Ratlam
the large army of Scindia ruler of Gwalior, even against the wishes of
Malcolm, in the Battle of Uchangarh on the banks of river Mahi, where
the forces of Scindia were
routed and the Maratha commander Bapu Scindia fled from the battle
field; soon afterwards, the British mediated treaties between the
Rajput rulers and the Marathas; in 1820, under the aegis
of Sir John Malcolm, a treaty was signed at Bhopawar between the Puars
of Dhar and Multhan, with the British Government signing as guarantor
against infringement of standing rights of the Rajput ruler, the
exact import of this clause in the treaty was to remain a perennial
cause of friction between the two parties; Maharaj Sawai Singhji also
mediated in the succession of Balwant Singhji of Ratlam under the
auspices of Maharana Bhim Singhji of Mewar; he married Rani Waghelji
Man Kunwar of Mansa, and had issue. He died 1849.
- Maharaj Dalpat Singhji (qv)
- Maharaj DALPAT SINGHJI, Raja of Multhan 1849/1900,
born 1838, succeeded as a
minor in 1849 (#1);
remained largely unaffected by the upheavals of the revolt of 1857
against the British, the Rajmata Wagheliji Man Kunwar, while she was
the guardian of the minor ruler gave
protection and shelter to the residents of Badnawar during the
anarchy that resulted from the revolt, the Diwan, Ismail Khan, under
his protection led the women and children of the British officers to
safety to Mandsaur; Raja Bakhtawar Singhji of Amjhera is
said to have taken refuge at the Borda fortress during his struggle
with the British; Maharaj Dalpat Singhji outlived his sons who having
issue left the ageing ruler without an heir; his
widow in 1901 adopted
Rajkumar Bharat Singh, second son of HH Raja Jaswant
Singhji of Sailana, and his wife, HH
Rani Yashwant Kunwar of Dhariawad; married Rani Wagheliji Sardar
Kunwar, and had adoptive issue.
He died 1900 without surviving issue.
- Yuvaraj Hindu Singhji, married and had issue, one
- Yuvrani Sajjan Kunwar, married Yuvaraj Ranjitsinhji
Vakhatsinhji of Lunawada, and had
- Rajkumar Abhay Singhji, married and had issue.
- Rani Daulat Kanwar, married (as his third wife),
Rawat Takhat Singh of Bansi.
- (A) Dharmalankar Dharm-Bhushan Dharm-Diwaker
- Dharmalankar Dharm-Bhushan Dharm-Diwaker Sahityabhusan
Sahib, Raja of Multhan 1901/1971, born 1894 and
succeeded by adoption on 26th August 1901, educated at Mayo College,
Ajmer; Maharaj Bharat Singhji is often
referred to as the second founder of Multhan for the progress that
Multhan made under his tenure; he was widely known and respected on
the one hand for his just and efficient administration and on the other
for his wisdom, strength of his character and his commanding knowledge
of religious matters, for which he was awarded many titles, including, Dhramalankar,Dhramabhusan, Dharmadiwakar, Sahityabhusan
etc.; he increased the state’s revenue
benevolent means viz. low taxation, improved irrigation, quick
justice and provision of civic amenities; he placed much emphasis on
education and maintenance of law and order; he built a
new palace at Multhan in 1919, which he himself designed; he was fond
architecture, which was manifested in the planned layout of Multhan
and the laying of the Dalapat Bagh Gardens which were a connoisseur’s
delight; the Maharaj Sahib was the last ruler of Multhan till the
formation of Indian Union as a republic; he married 1stly, Rani Aman
Kunwar, second daughter of
Thakur Kesri Singhji of Achrol,
married 2ndly, February 1935, Rani
Jayendra Kunwar [née Rajkumari Baiji Lal Jam
Sahiba], daughter of
HH Raj Sahib Sir Ajitsinhji Jashwantsinhji of Dhrangadhra, and his second wife, HH
Rani Majiraba Sahiba, and had
He died 1971.
- Rajkumari Kamla Kunwar, born 1917, married Tikka Mahendra
Singhji of Tharoch.
- Rajkumari Mangala Kunwar, born 1927, married Thakur
Narendra Singhji of Namli.
- Rajkumari Uma Kunwar, born 1930, married Maharaj Narendra
Singhji of Rajpipla.
- Maharaj Shri Rameshwar Singhji (qv)