NISHANWALIA

 

NISHANWALIA (Misl) 

 

 

VILLAGES: xx REVENUE: xx ANNEXATION: xx
LOCATION: Punjab DYNASTY: Shergill Jat RELIGION: Sikh
MILITARY STRENGTH: 2,000 CAPITAL: Ambala

 

PRESENT HEAD OF HOUSE:
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY:
The ancestor of the family was a Shergil Jat of Mansurwal, in Firozpur
district. This misl took the name of Nishanwalia because they carried
the
Nishan Sahib, the Sikh flag in the battle and were kept as a reserve
force at Amritsar. Their territory was Ambala,
Rupar and Anandpur Sahib. Several
hill chiefs paid tribute to this misl. Members were….

  • Gill, he was a Jat zamindar of Rajput Raghubanshi descent,
    married two wives, and had issue, as well as further issue by seven
    concubines, twelve sons in all. He lived around 1365.

    • Shergil, married and had issue, four sons.
      • Ranadhar, married and had issue, the Majithia family.
      • Jubal, married and had issue, Sardar Dewa Singh in the
        20th generation.

  • Unknown
    • Unknown
      • Unknown
        • Chaudhari Sahib Rai, from the
          village of Mansur, in Firozpur district of the Punjab, married and had
          issue.
          • Sardar Dasaundha Singh (qv)
          • Sardar Sangat Singh (qv)
    • Unknown
      • Unknown
        • Unknown
          • Sawan Singh [Soman Singh], married and had issue.
            • Sapha Singh, he held Sonti bravely against the
              attack of Raja Jaswant Singh of Nabha, and later in 1806, he held his
              own fort of Jhangir against Maharaja Ranjit Singh, married and had
              issue.
              • Fateh Singh, he entered the service of Maharaja
                Ranjit Singh, and under Diwan Mokham Chand, he became a very
                distinguished soldier, he was granted Jhangir Burj and Brampur in
                jagir, as well as large cash allowances, later he fell into disgrace
                and his jagirs north of the Sutlej were resumed, he then retired to his
                estate of Sonti, married and had issue.
                • Sardar Bahadur Dewa Singh, born 1802, he
                  entered military
                  service under
                  Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1816 at a very young age, then made Commandant
                  of the
                  regiment of his brother, he was transferred to the Gurkha regiment to
                  serve
                  in Hazara in 1842, later he was posted at Dera Isma’il Khan in
                  command of
                  the Surajmukhi regiment, in 1848 he served with distinction under
                  General Van Cortlandt, in 1853, he was selected to raise and command
                  the Seventh Police
                  Battalion at Amritsar, where he preserved order in the city and upheld
                  the
                  civil authority on the eve of the uprising of 1857, for his services,
                  he was granted the Star of the Order of
                  British India with the title of Sardar Bahadur and a personal allowance
                  of 1.200Rs p.a., on his retirement on 1st 1st January 1861, he received
                  a special pension of
                  3,000Rs p.a., and a
                  grant of six hundred acres of waste land with proprietory rights,
                  married and had issue. He
                  died 1872.
                  • Sardar Amar Singh, born 1853/1856,
                    Secretary of the
                    Local Board in Zira, a Provincial Darbari and Zaildar of his ilaka,
                    betrothed to a daughter of Sardar Kahn Singh Nakkai.
                  • Bibiji (name
                    unknown
                    ) Kaur, born 1860.
                  • Sardar Isar Singh, born 1862.
                • Sewa Singh, born 1824.
                • Panjab Singh, born 1834, married and had
                  issue.
                  • Sant Singh, born 1848.
            • Dal Singh, married and had issue.
              • Vir Singh
              • Wazir Singh, married and had issue.
                • Gurdit Singh, born 1834.
                • Hardit Singh, born 1838.

  • Sardar Dasaundha Singh, 1st misldhar of
    Nishanwalia misl 1748/1757, he received
    pahul at the hands of Diwan Darbara Singh,
    a prominent Sikh leader, by 1734, he was a leading figure in the Taruna
    Dal and was proclaimed the leader
    of the Nishanawalia misl in 1748, he took possession of Singhariwala in
    Firozpur district, Sahneval, Sarai Lashkari Khan, Doraha, Amioh, Zira
    and Ambala in January 1764 after the
    conquest of Sirhind.
    He was killed in May 1767 at Meerut in a sudden attack by Jahan Khan
    and Zabita Khan.
  • Sardar Sangat Singh,
    2nd
    misldhar
    of Nishanwalia misl 1767/1774, chivalrous and brave as his
    brother, he attacked Sirhind for the second time, he built a brick wall
    around
    the town of Ambala, his capital, to provide it protection against
    robbers, married a sister of Dhian Singh.

OTHER MEMBERS:

  • Bibiji Daya Kaur, died 1823.
  • Lal Singh, married and had issue.
    • Mohar Singh, he was a prominent leader
      of the
      Nishananwalia misl, he added Ambala and Zira to the territories he had
      inherited and
      soon became an influential figure among the cis-Sutlej chiefs, he
      signed a treaty
      of friendship with the Marathas on 9th May 1785, married twice. He died
      1785 at Ambala in a
      feud with Gurbakhsh Singh of Morinda.
  • Sardar Jai Singh, he was a Manjha Jat, and joined
    the Nishanwala confederacy about 1763, he obtained 27 villages of
    Lidhran, and 7 of
    Khar (three lost shortly afterwards), married and had issue. He died in
    1773.

    • Charat Singh, he succeeded his father in his estates, he
      was one of the chiefs who accepted British
      protection in 1809, married three wives, and had issue.

      • generation/s
        • Sardar Budh Singh, present (1865) head of the family,
          enjoying as his share
          of the jagir, 4,571Rs per year.
    • generations/s
      • Sardar Albel Singh of Lidhran, born in 1824, the title
        is hereditary, the family did good service during the Mutiny.

 

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