|PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY:
state founded about 1450, the modern state of Panna was founded in
1731, becoming the capital of Maharaja Chhatar Sal. Champat Rai, a
descendant of Raja Rudra Pratap of Orchha,
rebelled against the Mughals, later his fourth son, Maharaja Chhatar
Sal, became the most prominent Bundela leader, as well as being a good
administrator and a brave warrior, who led a revolt
in 1671 against the Mughal
Empire and soon captured Naugaon in
present-day Chhatarpur District. In 1680 he conquered Mahoba, and went
control much of Bundelkhand, ruling from Panna. He formed an alliance
the Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao I, who was challenging the Mughals for
control of central India, and in 1729, Baji Rao sent a Maratha army to
against the Marathas. Upon his death in 1731, his kingdom was divided
with one-third (including Mahoba, Banda, and Jhansi) going to his ally,
the Maratha Peshwa Baji
Rao I. The portion containing Panna went to Harde Sah, the eldest son
Chhatar Sal, other descendants ruled the states of
Panna, Ajaigarh (founded 1765), Charkhari (founded 1765), Chhatarpur
(went to the Ponwar Rajputs in 1785), and
Jaso. In the early 19th century, Panna became a princely state
British India, and gained control of the states of Sohawal and
Nagod. Raja Nirpat Singh assisted the British in the Revolt of 1857,
British rewarded him with the title of Maharaja. Maharaja Mahendra
Yadvendra Singh acceded to the Government of India on 1st January 1950,
the former Princely State became Panna District of the new Indian state
Pradesh. Vindhya Pradesh was merged into Madhya Pradesh on 1st November
- Raja HARDE SAH, 1st Raja of Panna 1731/1739, eldest
son of Raja
Panna from his father,
valued at 39 lakhs annually in 1731, sacked the Rewah State in about
1731, causing Raja Avadhoot Singh to flee to Pratapgarh in Oudh,
married and had issue. He died
- Raja Sabha Singh (qv)
- Rajkumar Prithvi Singh, claimed the succession after his
and with the help of the Marathas managed to take control of the
area of Panna state, becoming its first Raja around 1744, married and
- Raja Mardan Singh, Raja of Garhakotah fl.1810,
and had issue. He died about 1810.
- Raja Arjun Singh of Shahgarh, died 1842.
- Kumar (name
unknown), married and had issue.
- Raja Bakht Bali Singh, Raja of Shahgarh, he
joined the Mutiny in 1857, but later gave himself up and was
imprisoned. He died after 1869.
- Raja SABHA SINGH, 2nd Raja of Panna 1739/1752,
married and had issue.
- Raja Aman Singh (qv)
- Raja Hindupat Singh (qv)
- Raja AMAN SINGH, 3rd Raja of Panna 1752/1758,
constructed a palace at
Alipura pargana to Rao Mukund Singh, a sardar of Panna, died 1758,
by his brother.
- Raja HINDUPAT SINGH, 4th Raja of Panna 1758/1778,
Panna, he granted territory of Maihar to his Minister Beni Hujoori
[Hazuri] in 1778, married and had
issue. He died 1778.
- Raja Anirudh Singh (qv)
- Raja Dhokal Singh (qv)
- Raja ANIRUDH SINGH , 5th Raja of Panna 1778/1779,
succeeded his father
older brother was overlooked in the succession, being a minor, the
Hazuri and Khemraj Chaube, a Brahmin, and Sonesah Ponwar, who as a
result of their jealousy and suspicions of each other,
caused the state to fall into civil war which was intensified by the
death of the Raja, and the rivalry of
claimants. During this period the area of Panna State was much reduced
as these three carved out for themselves Maihar, Paldeo and Chhatarpur
respectively, as free states. Ultimately Dhokal Singh, brother of
Raja Anirudh Singh was able to establish himself on the gaddi. He died 1779.
DHOKAL SINGH, 6th Raja of Panna 1785/1798, married and had issue.
- Raja KISHOR SINGH, 7th Raja of Panna 1798/1834
(1840), confirmed in his
by sanads granted in 1807 and 1811, constructed Jaggananth ji
at Panna, was awarded control of Sohawal state and Nagod state by the
authorities, married and had issue.
- Raja Harbans Singh Ju Deo Bahadur [Harbans Rai] (qv)
- Maharaja Mahendra Nirpat Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
- Raja HARBANS SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 8th Raja of Panna
- Maharaja Mahendra NIRPAT SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 9th
Maharaja of Panna 1849/1870,
during the mutiny, by holding the forst of Kalinjar and clearing Damoh
District of rebels, for which he was rewarded with a khilat
20,000Rs, and the Samaria pargana, and in 1869 was granted the
of Maharaja as a personal distinction. In 1862 a sanad of
was granted him, and in 1863 he ceded the land required for the East
Railway, constructed Lokpal Sagar (Tank) near Panna, developed the
area in Panna known as Bada Bajar, constructed the Ram Janki
at Panna, married and had issue.
- HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir Rudra Pratap Singh Ju Deo
- HH Maharaja Mahendra Lokpal Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
- Kunwar Lakshman Singh Ju Deo, adopted by Rao Bhopal Singh
of Jigni and succeeded there as Rao Lakshman Singh II Bahadur of Jigni.
- Rao Raja Khuman Singh Ju Deo, married and had issue. He
was murdered in June 1901.
- Capt. HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir Yadvendra Singh Ju Deo
- HH Maharani Padmini Kunverba Sahiba, married 18th June
Maharana Shri Sir Vijaysinhji Chhatrasinhji Sahib, Maharaja of Rajpipla,
and had issue.
- HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir RUDRA PRATAP SINGH Ju Deo
Bahadur, 10th Maharaja of Panna 1870/1893,
10th July 1848, succeeded 9th June 1870 (#1),
K.C.S.I. [cr.1876], granted the title of Maharaja, which was made
and received an addition of 2 guns to his salute as a personal honour
1877, one of the best rulers of Panna, he constructed Baldeoji Temple
Temple, constructed many roads and cavelets and a bridge over the river
in Panna, also constructed the Ajaigarh ghat. He died sp.
- HH Maharaja Mahendra LOKPAL SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur,
11th Maharaja of Panna 1893/1898,
married (amongst others), HH
Maharani Sujan Kanwar, and had issue. He died 1898.
- HH Maharaja Mahendra Madho Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
- HH Maharaja Mahendra MADHO SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur,
12th Maharaja of Panna 1898/1902,
the Mahendra Bhavan Palace in Panna, deposed for complicity in the
of his uncle, Rao Raja Khuman Singh. He died after 1925 (#2).
HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir YADVENDRA SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 13th
Maharaja of Panna 1902/1963,
January 1893, K.C.I.E. [cr.1.1.1922], K.C.S.I. [cr.1.1.1932], son of
Rao Raja Khuman
educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; invested with full ruling powers on
4th February 1915, appointed UpRaj Pramukh of Vindhya Pradesh after the
merger of his
state into the Indian Republic; married 1stly, 1912, HH Maharani
Manhar Kunverba, died 1927, daughter of HH Maharaja Raol Shri
Bhavsinhji II Takhatsinhji of Bhavnagar,
and his first wife, HH Maharani Dev Kunverba Sahiba, married 2ndly,
1928, HH Maharani Shri Gopal Kumari, daughter of Thakur Saheb Sawai
Singhji, Raja Saheb
of Isarda, and his wife, Thakurani
Sugan Kunwar, and had issue. He died 4th
- HH Maharaja Mahendra Narendra Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
- HH Maharani Kanchan Prabha Devi (eldest daughter),
May 1931, Capt.
HH Bisam-Samar-Bijayi Mahamahodya Pancha-Srijukta Maharaja Manikya Sir
Bir Bikram Kishore Dev Varman Bahadur of Tripura.
- Maharaj Pushpendra Singh, born 1916, educated at Mayo
- Maharajkumari Indira Kumari, born 1918, died unmarried
16th June 2006 at Rajmandir Palace, Panna.
- Maharajkumari Pushpa Kumari Devi, born 1920, married 11th
Maharaj Kumar Nagendra Singh of Dungarpur.
She died 11th August 1996.
- Maharajkumari Sarla Kumari
- Maharajkumari Nirmala Devi, born 1931, married 30th
Pal Singh of Bhajji, and had issue. She
- HH Maharaja Mahendra NARENDRA SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur,
14th Maharaja of Panna 1963/-,
29th May 1915,
educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; Member of the Legislative Assembly of
Madhya Pradesh in 1957, 1962 and
1967; Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) in 1971 from Satna; Member of
(Lok Sabha) in 1977, from Damoh; Social worker and founder of many
institutions in Panna; married 24th February 1937 at Kathmandu in
HH Maharani Durga Rajya Laxmi Devi, daughter of Lt.-Gen. Maharajkumar
Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana of Lambjang and Kaski in Nepal, and had
- HH Maharaja Mahendra Manvendra Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
- Maharaj Lokendra Singh, Member of the Legislative
in 1977 and 1993, Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) in 1989, married
Kumari [née Baisa Indira Kumari], daughter of Major Apji Abhay
Singh of Palaitha, and his wife, Rani
Chand Kumari, and has issue.
- Rajkumari Kamaksha Kumari Devi, married Rajkumar
Preetendra Singh of Nagod.
- Rajkumari Sulakshana Kumari [Yuvrani Sahib Sulakshana
Kumari of Bhinga], married (as his first wife), 22nd January
1995, Yuvaraj Rudramani Kant Singh of Bhinga.
She died sp 29th July 1998.
- Maharajkumari Kumkum Kumari, married Yuvaraj Balwant
Singh of Chhatarpur,
died 1990, and has issue, one son.
- HH Maharaja Mahendra MANVENDRA SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur,
15th Maharaja of Panna -/2009,
born 26th June 1939 in Mussoorie, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer;
married HH Maharani Dilhar
Kumari, fourth daughter of HH Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavsinhji of
and his wife, HH Maharani Vijayba Sahiba, and had issue. He died 8th
- Yuvaraj Ragvendra Singh (succeeded as HH Maharaja
Mahendra Ragvendra Singh Ju Deo Bahadur) (qv)
- Maharajkumari Krishna Kumari, born 1972, married 4th
Kunwar Purujit Singh, born 10th July 1970, son of Rajkumar Tara Singh
- HH Maharaja Mahendra RAGVENDRA SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur
- Rajkumar Hira Singh, Honourary Lieutenant 1914/-