PANNA

 

PANNA (Princely State)

(11 gun salute)

 

AREA: 6,724 km2 PRIVY PURSE: 147,300Rs ACCESSION: 1st January 1950
STATE: Madhya Pradesh DYNASTY: Bundela RELIGION: Hindu
VILLAGES: 1,008 (1901) POPULATION: 192,986 (1901) REVENUE: 500,000Rs

 

PRESENT RULER: HH Maharaja
Mahendra RAGVENDRA SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur
, 16th and present
Maharaja of Panna since
8th October 2009 (Raj Mandir Palace, Panna,
Madhya
Pradesh, India)
born 1968 in Bombay, married and has issue.

 

PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY:
Predecessor
state founded about 1450, the modern state of Panna was founded in
1731, becoming the capital of Maharaja Chhatar Sal. Champat Rai, a
descendant of Raja Rudra Pratap of Orchha,
rebelled against the Mughals, later his fourth son, Maharaja Chhatar
Sal, became the most prominent Bundela leader, as well as being a good
administrator and a brave warrior, who led a revolt
in 1671 against the Mughal
Empire and soon captured Naugaon in
present-day Chhatarpur District. In 1680 he conquered Mahoba, and went
on to
control much of Bundelkhand, ruling from Panna. He formed an alliance
with
the Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao I, who was challenging the Mughals for
control of central India, and in 1729, Baji Rao sent a Maratha army to
aid
Chhatar Sal
against the Marathas. Upon his death in 1731, his kingdom was divided
amongst his
sons,
with one-third (including Mahoba, Banda, and Jhansi) going to his ally,
the Maratha Peshwa Baji
Rao I. The portion containing Panna went to Harde Sah, the eldest son
of
Chhatar Sal, other descendants ruled the states of
Panna, Ajaigarh (founded 1765), Charkhari (founded 1765), Chhatarpur
(went to the Ponwar Rajputs in 1785), and
Jaso. In the early 19th century, Panna became a princely state
of
British India, and gained control of the states of Sohawal and
Nagod. Raja Nirpat Singh assisted the British in the Revolt of 1857,
and the
British rewarded him with the title of Maharaja. Maharaja Mahendra
Yadvendra Singh acceded to the Government of India on 1st January 1950,
and
the former Princely State became Panna District of the new Indian state
of Vindhya
Pradesh. Vindhya Pradesh was merged into Madhya Pradesh on 1st November
1950.
Rulers were…

    1. Raja HARDE SAH, 1st Raja of Panna 1731/1739, eldest
      son of Raja
      Chhatarsal,
      received
      Panna from his father,
      valued at 39 lakhs annually in 1731, sacked the Rewah State in about
      1731, causing Raja Avadhoot Singh to flee to Pratapgarh in Oudh,
      married and had issue. He died
      1739.

      • Raja Sabha Singh (qv)
      • Rajkumar Prithvi Singh, claimed the succession after his
        father’s
        death,
        and with the help of the Marathas managed to take control of the
        Shahgarh
        area of Panna state, becoming its first Raja around 1744, married and
        had issue.

        • Several generations
          • Raja Mardan Singh, Raja of Garhakotah fl.1810,
            married
            and had issue. He died about 1810.
            • Raja Arjun Singh of Shahgarh, died 1842.
            • Kumar (name
              unknown
              ), married and had issue.

              • Raja Bakht Bali Singh, Raja of Shahgarh, he
                joined the Mutiny in 1857, but later gave himself up and was
                imprisoned. He died after 1869.

 

    1. Raja SABHA SINGH, 2nd Raja of Panna 1739/1752,
      married and had issue.
      He died
      1752.

      • Raja Aman Singh (qv)
      • Raja Hindupat Singh (qv)

 

    1. Raja AMAN SINGH, 3rd Raja of Panna 1752/1758,
      constructed a palace at
      Fort
      Kalinjer,
      donated
      Alipura pargana to Rao Mukund Singh, a sardar of Panna, died 1758,
      murdered
      by his brother.

 

    1. Raja HINDUPAT SINGH, 4th Raja of Panna 1758/1778,
      constructed Jugal
      Kishore
      Temple at
      Panna, he granted territory of Maihar to his Minister Beni Hujoori
      [Hazuri] in 1778, married and had
      issue. He died 1778.

      • Raja Anirudh Singh (qv)
      • Raja Dhokal Singh (qv)

 

    1. Raja ANIRUDH SINGH , 5th Raja of Panna 1778/1779,
      succeeded his father
      after an
      older brother was overlooked in the succession, being a minor, the
      state was
      managed by
      Beni
      Hazuri and Khemraj Chaube, a Brahmin, and Sonesah Ponwar, who as a
      result of their jealousy and suspicions of each other,
      caused the state to fall into civil war which was intensified by the
      death of the Raja, and the rivalry of
      numerous
      claimants. During this period the area of Panna State was much reduced
      as these three carved out for themselves Maihar, Paldeo and Chhatarpur
      respectively, as free states. Ultimately Dhokal Singh,  brother of
      Raja Anirudh Singh was able to establish himself on the gaddi. He died 1779.

INTERREGNUM 1779/1785

 

    1. Raja
      DHOKAL SINGH
      , 6th Raja of Panna 1785/1798, married and had issue.

      • Raja Kishor Singh (qv)

 

    1. Raja KISHOR SINGH, 7th Raja of Panna 1798/1834
      (1840), confirmed in his
      possessions
      by sanads granted in 1807 and 1811, constructed Jaggananth ji
      temple
      at Panna, was awarded control of Sohawal state and Nagod state by the
      British
      authorities, married and had issue.

      • Raja Harbans Singh Ju Deo Bahadur [Harbans Rai] (qv)
      • Maharaja Mahendra Nirpat Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)

 

    1. Raja HARBANS SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 8th Raja of Panna
      1834/1849.

 

    1. Maharaja Mahendra NIRPAT SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 9th
      Maharaja of Panna 1849/1870,
      assisted the
      British
      during the mutiny, by holding the forst of Kalinjar and clearing Damoh
      District of rebels, for which he was rewarded with a khilat
      worth
      20,000Rs, and the Samaria pargana, and in 1869 was granted the
      title
      of Maharaja as a personal distinction. In 1862 a sanad of
      adoption
      was granted him, and in 1863 he ceded the land required for the East
      Indian
      Railway, constructed Lokpal Sagar (Tank) near Panna, developed the
      commercial
      area  in Panna known as Bada Bajar, constructed the Ram Janki
      temple
      at Panna, married and had issue.

      • HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir Rudra Pratap Singh Ju Deo
        Bahadur (qv)
      • HH Maharaja Mahendra Lokpal Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
      • Kunwar Lakshman Singh Ju Deo, adopted by Rao Bhopal Singh
        of Jigni and succeeded there as Rao Lakshman Singh II Bahadur of Jigni.
      • Rao Raja Khuman Singh Ju Deo, married and had issue. He
        was murdered in June 1901.

        • Capt. HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir Yadvendra Singh Ju Deo
          Bahadur (qv)
        • HH Maharani Padmini Kunverba Sahiba, married 18th June
          1917, Lt.-Col.
          HH
          Maharana Shri Sir Vijaysinhji Chhatrasinhji Sahib, Maharaja of Rajpipla,
          and had issue.

 

    1. HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir RUDRA PRATAP SINGH Ju Deo
      Bahadur
      , 10th Maharaja of Panna 1870/1893,
      born
      10th July 1848, succeeded 9th June 1870 (#1),
      K.C.S.I. [cr.1876], granted the title of Maharaja, which was made
      hereditary,
      and received an addition of 2 guns to his salute as a personal honour
      in
      1877, one of the best rulers of Panna, he constructed Baldeoji Temple
      and
      Govindji
      Temple, constructed many roads and cavelets and a bridge over the river
      in Panna, also constructed the Ajaigarh ghat. He died sp.

 

    1. HH Maharaja Mahendra LOKPAL SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur,
      11th Maharaja of Panna 1893/1898,
      married (amongst others), HH
      Maharani Sujan Kanwar, and had issue. He died 1898.

      • HH Maharaja Mahendra Madho Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)

 

    1. HH Maharaja Mahendra MADHO SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur,
      12th Maharaja of Panna 1898/1902,
      constructed
      the Mahendra Bhavan Palace in Panna, deposed for complicity in the
      murder
      of his uncle, Rao Raja Khuman Singh. He died after 1925 (#2).

 

    1. Capt. HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir YADVENDRA SINGH Ju Deo BahadurCol.
      HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir YADVENDRA SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur
      , 13th
      Maharaja of Panna 1902/1963,
      born
      31st
      January 1893, K.C.I.E. [cr.1.1.1922], K.C.S.I. [cr.1.1.1932], son of
      Rao Raja Khuman
      Singh,
      educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; invested with full ruling powers on
      4th February 1915, appointed UpRaj Pramukh of Vindhya Pradesh after the
      merger of his
      state into the  Indian Republic; married 1stly, 1912, HH Maharani
      Shri
      Manhar Kunverba, died 1927, daughter of HH Maharaja Raol Shri
      Bhavsinhji II Takhatsinhji of Bhavnagar,
      and his first wife, HH Maharani Dev Kunverba Sahiba, married 2ndly,
      1928, HH Maharani Shri Gopal Kumari, daughter of Thakur Saheb Sawai
      Singhji, Raja Saheb
      of Isarda, and his wife, Thakurani
      Sugan Kunwar, and had issue. He died 4th
      August 1963.

      • HH Maharaja Mahendra Narendra Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
      • HH Maharani Kanchan Prabha Devi (eldest daughter),
        married 28th
        May 1931, Capt.
        HH Bisam-Samar-Bijayi Mahamahodya Pancha-Srijukta Maharaja Manikya Sir
        Bir Bikram Kishore Dev Varman Bahadur of Tripura.
      • Maharaj Pushpendra Singh, born 1916, educated at Mayo
        College, Ajmer
        (Class-Captain
        1935/36).
      • Maharajkumari Indira Kumari, born 1918, died unmarried
        16th June 2006 at Rajmandir Palace, Panna.
      • Maharajkumari Pushpa Kumari Devi, born 1920, married 11th
        February
        1940,
        Maharaj Kumar Nagendra Singh of Dungarpur.
        She died 11th August 1996.
      • Maharajkumari Sarla Kumari
      • Maharajkumari Nirmala Devi, born 1931, married 30th
        November 1951,
        Rana
        Ramchandra
        Pal Singh of Bhajji, and had issue. She
        died 2002.

 

 

    1. HH Maharaja Mahendra NARENDRA SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur,
      14th Maharaja of Panna 1963/-,
      born
      29th May 1915,
      educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; Member of the Legislative Assembly of
      Madhya Pradesh in 1957, 1962 and
      1967; Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) in 1971 from Satna; Member of
      Parliament
      (Lok Sabha) in 1977, from Damoh; Social worker and founder of many
      educational
      institutions in Panna; married 24th February 1937 at Kathmandu in
      Nepal,
      HH Maharani Durga Rajya Laxmi Devi, daughter of Lt.-Gen. Maharajkumar
      Shingha
      Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana of Lambjang and Kaski in Nepal, and had
      issue.

      • HH Maharaja Mahendra Manvendra Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
      • Maharaj Lokendra Singh, Member of the Legislative
        Assembly (Madhya
        Pradesh)
        in 1977 and 1993, Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) in 1989, married
        Rani Nishi
        Kumari [née Baisa Indira Kumari], daughter of Major Apji Abhay
        Singh of Palaitha, and his wife, Rani
        Chand Kumari, and has issue.

        • Rajkumari Kamaksha Kumari Devi, married Rajkumar
          Preetendra Singh of Nagod.
        • Rajkumari Sulakshana Kumari [Yuvrani Sahib Sulakshana
          Kumari of Bhinga], married (as his first wife), 22nd January
          1995, Yuvaraj Rudramani Kant Singh of Bhinga.
          She died sp 29th July 1998.
      • Maharajkumari Kumkum Kumari, married Yuvaraj Balwant
        Singh of Chhatarpur,
        died 1990, and has issue, one son.

 

    1. HH Maharaja Mahendra MANVENDRA SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur,
      15th Maharaja of Panna -/2009,
      born 26th June 1939 in Mussoorie, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer;
      married HH Maharani Dilhar
      Kumari, fourth daughter of HH Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavsinhji of
      Bhavnagar,
      and his wife, HH Maharani Vijayba Sahiba, and had issue. He died 8th
      October 2009.

      • Yuvaraj Ragvendra Singh (succeeded as HH Maharaja
        Mahendra Ragvendra Singh Ju Deo Bahadur) (qv)
      • Maharajkumari Krishna Kumari, born 1972, married 4th
        February 1995
        (div. May
        2004),
        Kunwar Purujit Singh, born 10th July 1970, son of Rajkumar Tara Singh
        of Koti.

 

  1. HH Maharaja Mahendra RAGVENDRA SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur
    (see
    above)

OTHER MEMBERS:

  • Rajkumar Hira Singh, Honourary Lieutenant 1914/-

 

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