PHULKIAN

 

PHULKIAN (Misl) 

 

 

VILLAGES:  REVENUE:  ACCESSION: 
LOCATION: Punjab DYNASTY: Phoolkian / Phulkian RELIGION:  Hindu
MILITARY STRENGTH: CAPITAL: Patiala and Nabha
PRESENT RULER: see
Patiala, Nabha and Jind.
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT
HISTORY: 
This
misl is the only misl that was expelled from
the Dal Khalsa, due to its anti Sikh policies in the time of Baba Deep
Singh and Nawab Kapur Singh. This misl was founded by Baba Ala
Singh in 1748 (later the first Raja of Patiala). Their territory in
1758 was Rajpura, Bathinda, Sangrur, Tohana and
Sirhind. The two main divisions in territory between the misls were
between
those who were in the Malwa
region and those who were in the Majha
region. While eleven of the misls were north of the Sutlej river, one,
the Phulkian Misl
was south of the Sutlej.
The
Sikhs north of the Sutlej river were known as the Majha Sikh while the
Sikhs that lived south of the Sutlej river were known as the Malwa
Sikhs. Members were….

  • Rawal Jaisal, founder the Golden City of Jaisalmer in 1156,
    later he was driven from the
    kingdom by a rebellion, and wandered northwards and settled near a town
    called
    Hisar, married and had issue,
    four sons. He died 1168

    • Rawal Salivahan II, Rawal of Jaisalmer 1168/-.
    • Rawal Kailun. Rawal of Jaisalmer 1190/-
    • Rai Hemhal [Hemraj], born 1150, he sacked Hisar in 1180,
      and was the ally of Muhammed Ghaur when he invaded India, appointed
      Governor of Sirsa and Bhatinda in 1212 by the King of Delhi, married
      and had issue. He died in 1214/1219.

      • Rai Jandra [Jaidrath], married and had issue,
        twenty-one sons.
        • Rai Batera [Pate Rao], married and had issue.
          • Rai Manjalrab [Mangal Rao], he rebelled against the
            King of Delhi, but was captured and beheaded
            at Jaisalmer; married and had issue.
            • Rai Undra [Anand Rao], married and had issue.
              • Rai Khiwa (continued below)
    • Rai Pem
  • Rai Khiwa, he built Khiwa Khota, married 1stly, a Rajput
    Rani, married 2ndly
    (unequally), Rajo, a Saroo-Basehra lady from Neli Dulkota, daughter of
    Basir, a Jat Zamindar, and had issue, by
    second marriage, a son who took the caste of his mother.

    • Sidhu, born 1250, married and had issue, four sons.
      • Dhar [Devi], ancestor of the families of Kaithal,
        Jhumba, Arnauli and Sadhowal.
      • Bhur, married and had issue.
        • Bir, married and had issue.
          • Sidtilkara, he became an ascetic.
          • Sitrah [Satrach / Satra], married and had issue.
            • Jertha [Charta] (continued below)
            • Lakhumba, married and had issue.
              • Hari, ancestor of the Attari
                and Harike familys.
      • Sur
      • Rupach
  • Jertha, married and had issue.
    • Mahi [Maho], married and had issue.
      • Kala [Gala], married and had issue.
        • Mehra, married and had issue.
          • Hambir [Hamira], married and had issue.
            • Rao Barar [Burar], a renowned warrior, he
              regained
              Bathinda after defeating the Bhatis, and made Bidowali his capital, he
              attacked Timur near Tohana, during his raid into Northern India in
              1398. married and had issue, the Brar Jats. He died 1415 in
              Bidowali.

              • Paur, married and had issue, the Patiala, Nabha
                and Jind families.

                • Balrath [Bairath / Bairi] (continued below)
              • Dhul, married and had issue.
                • Ratan Pal, ancestor of the Faridkot family.
  • Balrath, married and had issue.
    • Kai [Kayen / Kao], married and had issue.
      • Baho, married and had issue.
        • Sanghar, he entered the service of Baber in 1524,
          married and had issue. He was killed 21st April 1526 at the Battle of
          Panipat in which Baber defeated Ibrahim Lodhi.

          • Chaudhury Beeram [Bariyam], he was appointed by
            Baber
            to be Chaudhury of
            the territory to the south-west of Delhi in 1526, and which was
            confirmed by Humayum in 1554, married and had issue. He was killed 1560
            in a skirmish with the Muslim Bhatis.

            • Chaudhury Meeraj [Mehraj / Maharaj], he succeeded
              his father as Chaudhary and also engaged in battles with
              the Bhatis, married and had issue.

              • Chaudhury Sattu [Suttoh], married and had
                issue. He was killed 1560 in a skirmish with the Muslim Bhatis.

                • Chaudhury Pukka [Pakhu / Pukkoh] (qv)
                • Lukha
                • Chaha
            • Garaj
      • Mehna
      • Kilja
  • Chaudhury Pukka, he
    was killed in a skirmish with Bhati Rajputs at Bidowali, married and
    had issue.

    • Chaudhury Mohan (qv)
    • Habbal
  • Chaudhury Mohan, he
    moved to Nathana to avoid further clashes with Bhatis, later he founded
    the village of Mehraj in 1627 on the advice of the Sixth Guru, Guru
    Hargobindji, married and had issue. He was killed in
    1631 (1618).

    • Bhai Rup Chand, married Mat Ambi, a Jitani Jat lady, and
      had issue. He was
      killed in
      1631 (1618).

      • Sandali
      • Chaudhury Phul (qv)
    • Chaudhury Kala (qv)
    • Chaudhury Kala,
      Chaudhury 1618/-, guardian of his nephews, he founded the village of
      Kalyanwali in Sirsa, married and had issue.

      • generation
        • Maluka, he founded the village of Kaleka, married and
          had issue.
      • 2 generations
        • Choudhury Kannah, zamindar of Kaleke, married and had
          issue.

          • Mai Fatto (possibly aunt of Gurbakhsh Singh) [Rani
            Fateh Kaur of Patiala], married Maharaja Ala
            Singh, Maharaja of Patiala, and had issue. She died 1773.
        • generation
          • generation

            • Gurbakhsh Singh, fifth in descent, he served as
              Diwan
              of Patiala to Maharaja Ala Singh, married and had issue.

 

  • Chaudhury Phul,
    born 1627, he founded Rampura Phul, he fought with the
    Sixth Guru, Guru Hargobindji, against Mughal Delhi in the battle of
    Gurusar, married 1stly, Chaudhrani Rail [Bali],
    daughter of
    a zamindar
    of Dhilwari in Nabha territory, married 2ndly, Chaudhrani Rajji of
    Sidhani, and
    had issue, six sons and one daughter.
    He
    died at Bahadurpur in Nabha state on 28th January 1689, and was
    cremated
    at the village of Phul.

    • Chaudhury Tilokha Singh (by Rail), baptized with Khande
      da
      amrit
      at the hands of the Tenth
      Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh at Damdama Sahib, married and had issue,
      the
      Nabha, Jind and Badrukhan families. He died 1705.

      • Gurditta Singh, married a daughter of Sardar Sardul
        Singh Mann of Mauran, and had issue, one son. He died 1754

        • Suratya Singh, married and had issue. He died 1752
          • Kapur Singh, jagirdar of Kapurgarh and Sangrur,
            married Bibi Raj Kour, daughter of Sujan Singh Mansahia.
          • Raja Hamir Singh, founder of Nabha.
      • Sukhchen Singh, married Bibi Agan,
        daughter of Chuhr Singh, a Bullar Jat of Mandi, and had issue. He died
        1751
        aged 75.

        • Alam Singh, he was a brave soldier, and distinguished
          himself in many fights with the Imperial troops, after the conquest of
          Sirhind, in 1763, he took possession of a
          considerable tract of country, but was killed the following year by a
          fall from his horse, married 1stly, a Gill lady of Gholia Chubara,
          married 2ndly, a daughter of a Mann zamindar of Maur Saboki, married
          3rdly, Mai Malan, daughter of Dhaliwal zamindar. He died sp in 1764
        • Raja Gajpat Singh (by Agan), founder of Jind.
        • Bulaki Singh, married 1stly at Kot Kapura, a girl of
          the Nehre Sanduan family, married 2ndly, 1764, Mai Malan, the widow of
          his
          eldest brother, and had issue. He died about 1785.

          • Mirza Singh (by 1st wife), he founded the village
            of Dialpuria
          • Jitu Singh (by 2nd wife)
    • Chaudhury Rama Singh (by Rail), baptized with Khande
      da amrit
      at the hands of the Tenth
      Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh at Damdama Sahib, he raided the
      territories of the Bhatis and the Muslim Chief of Kot and captured both
      Bhatian and Kot, he founded Bhai Rupa in 1680 and built Rampur, married
      Chaudhrani Sabi, daughter of Bhuttar, zamindar of Nanun, and had issue,
      six sons, the Patiala,
      Bhadaur, Kot Duna and Malaudh families. He was killed at Maler Kotla in
      1714.

      • Chaudhury Duna, founder of the estate of Bhadaur,
        married and had issue (see Bhadaur and
        Kot Duna). He died 1726.
      • Subha Singh, married and had issue, one son. He died
        1729.

        • Jodh Singh, married Mai Deso (married 2ndly, Maharaja
          Ala Singh of Patiala). He died 1729.
      • Baba Ala Singh (qv)
      • Sardar Bakhta Singh [Bakht Mal], he was founder of the
        estate of
        Malaudh, married and had issue (see Malaudh). He died 1757.
      • Budh Singh, died 1714.
      • Ladh Singh, died 1742.
    • Raghu Singh [Rughu] (by Rail), married and had issue,
      four sons.

      • Hardas Singh, married and had issue, the Phulkian
        family of Jiundan.
    • Bibiji Rami Kaur (by Rail), married a Sardar of Ram Das,
      and had issue, descendants in Burgar
    • Channu (by Rajji), he held jagirs in the village of
      Gumti, married and had issue, the Laudgharia Sardars of Gumti.

      • Kilas
      • Masur
    • Jhandu (by Rajji), he died sp.
    • Takht Mal (by Rajji), he held jagirs in the village of
      Gumti, married and had issue, five sons, the Laudgharia Sardars of
      Gumti.

      • Bir
      • Lakhmir
      • Bhumia
      • Dalloh
      • Bakhta

  • Baba Ala Singh, 1st Misldhar of the Phulkian misl
    1748/17xx and founder of Patiala in
    1763.
  • Raja-i-Rajgan Maharaja Raja Amar Singh, 2nd Misldhar of the
    Phulkian misl

 

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