|PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The
of the most powerful of the Sikh
confederacies, and towards the close of the 18th century, it could
bring into the field about 8,000 men. Their territory was parts of
Amritsar, Qadian, Batala
and Sri Hargobindpur, in the Bari doab and Miani, Sarih, and Urmur
Tanda in the Jalandhar Doab. After the seizure of all Ramgarhia jagirs
by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the family were allowed a
jagir of 35,000Rs in value for their maintenance. The word Ramgarhia is
composed of the terms Ram (God) and Garh
(fort). Hence the adjective Ramgarhia means Custodians of the Castle of
God. The fort which was the head quarters of the family, the history of
which is given hereafter was named Ramgarh. Members were…
- Khushal Singh, 1st
Misldhar of Ramgarhia misl 1748/-, born in Guga village near Amritsar.
- Nand Singh Sanghania,
born in Sanghani village near Amritsar,
he extended the fort of Ram Rauni at
which was later called Ramgarh, giving its name to the misl.
- Sardar Jassa Singh,
3rd Misldhar of Ramgarhia misl -/1803, born 1723 at Tchogill, 20
kilometres east of Lahore, he joined the jathda of Nand Singh Sanghania
learnt the art of warfare at an early age, in 1745, he and his
brothers briefly entered the service of Nawab Adina Beg Khan, the
Imperial Governor of the Jalandhar Doab, afterwards they went to
Amritsar where they partially fortified Amritsar with a solid mud wall,
Beg, ordered it destroyed, Jassa Singh took command of the misl after
Adina Beg’s death in 1758, he named the fort, Ramgarh and the misl
Ramgarhia, he attached many villages, and gave some as jagirs to his
brothers; a confrontation with Sardar Jassa Singh Ahluwalia, eventually
resulted in the loss of all the Ramgarhia estates, and he himself had
to flee to Sirsa, across the Sutlej, where he remained till 1783, after
which he returned to the Punjab; he joined with Sardar Mahan Singh
Sukerchakia and Raja Sansar Chand of Kangra and defeated Sardar Jai
Singh Kanhaiya, thus getting his estates back, married and had issue.
He died on 20th April 1803.
- Sardar Jodh Singh (qv)
- Sardar Vir Singh [Wir/Bir], he succeeded his brother in
married and had
issue. He died 1828.
- Jaimal Singh, married and had issue. He died 1848.
- Uttam Singh, born 1807, married and had issue.
- Fateh Singh, born 1819, married and had issue.
- Joawala Singh, born 1834, married and had issue.
- Sobha Singh, married and had issue. He died 1845.
- Achhar Singh, born 1814, married and had issue.
- Ganga Singh
- Tarkhu Singh
- Taringa Singh
- Kadar Singh
- Sardar Jodh Singh,
4th and last Misldhar of Ramgarhia misl 1803/1808, in 1807, he
accompanied Maharaja Ranjit Singh to Kasur with all his force
against Qutb ud-Din, who surrendered after a month`s resistance, soon
afterwards quarrels with his cousins,
encouraged Maharaja Ranjit Singh to attack Amritsar in 1808, where he
Ramghar Fort and then seized all the Ramgarhia jagirs, he was provided
an adequate pension for his maintenance, in 1810-1811, he and Diwan
Mohkam Chand, annexed Faizullapuria possessions to the growing domain
of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, he died 23rd August 1815 in Amritsar.
FAMILY OF SARDAR JASSA SINGH
- Baba Har Das, he was a Hindu of the Najjar or carpenter
and was resident at Sursingh in the Lahore district, where he was
content to ply his trade, he took Pahul
from the hands of Guru Gobind Singhji, afterwards he fought in the
campaigns of Banda Singh Bahadur, married and had issue. He was
killed in in
1716 at the battle of Bajwara
- Bhai Bhagwan Singh, he underwent baptism into the Sikh
and with the addition of ‘Singh’ to his name, he wandered about the
country, making converts to his new faith, with 200 followers, he
Imperial forces under the Governor of Lahore, and rose to become a
distinguished officer; married and had issue, five
sons. He was killed
at Lahore in a fight with Shahanshah Nadir Shah during his invasion of
India in 1739.
- Jai Singh, he was killed in action against the Afghans
in 1756 at Majitha.
- Sardar Jassa Singh (see above)
- Sardar Khushal Singh, married and had issue. He died
- Mehtab Singh
- Sahib Singh
- Gulab Singh
- Sardar Mali Singh, married and had issue. He died 1792.
- Sardar Tara Singh, married and had issue. He died 1797.
- Sardar Diwan Singh, early in his career, he conquered
some territory the annual revenue
of which amounted to one lakh of rupees and built himself a fort near
Kadian, and named it Thakargarh, with a garrison of 1400 horsemen he
fixed his residence there, later in 1820 he was placed in charge of
Baramula, a hill post on the road to Srinagar, where he remained until
his death; after the annexation of the misl in 1808, he was provided an
adequate pension for his maintenance, married and had issue, three
sons. He died 1834.
- Sardar Mangal Singh C.S.I., born 1800, he entered
service of Maharaja Ranjit Singh who granted him jagirs worth 9,000Rs,
Kalowala, Tibrah and Kundilah; after 1834, he was sent
to Peshawar in command of 400 foot and 110 sowars, where he did good
service, taking part in the battle of Jamrud in April 1837, he was
recalled in 1839, and sent to the hill country where he was active in
the suppression of the insurrection of 1840; he remained there till the
close of the Sutlej war in 1846, he remained loyal during the second
Sikh War, did excellent service in guarding the roads and maintaining
order in the Amritsar and Gurdaspur districts, in 1862, he was
appointed manager of the affairs of the Sikh Temple at Amritsar
remaining in that position until his death, and was
also appointed Honorary Magistrate of the city of Amritsar; he was
granted the title of Sardar Ba-Wikar
in 1864; he was conferred with the C.S.I. in 1876; married and
had issue. He died in February 1879 at Amritsar.
- Sardar Gurdit Singh, born 1837, he joined a force
cavalry for service in Oudh, being raised by Colonel Abbott in February
1858, thereafter he was made Risaldar and served in the Oudh Mounted
Police until October 1859, after which he returned to Amritsar and was
made 1st Class Inspector of Police, being transferred to Lahore in
September 1864, he retired in 1887; he was appointed a divisional
Darbari in 1891 and an Honorary Magistrate in 1892, the same year he
was appointed a member of the Municipal Committee of Amritsar, in 1893
he was made the 15th
Provincial Darbari, Member of
the Khalsa College Committee, President of the educational
the Amritsar Municipality, Member of the Khalsa Diwan, President of the
community, married and had issue. He died sp in 1900.
- Kunwar Hardit Singh, died young.
- Sardar Suchet Singh [Mitt Singh], born 1842,
entered the civil service
at Amritsar as a munsif,
married and had issue, one son. He died 1879.
- Sardar Bishan Singh, together with his cousin
he enjoys a Jagir of 3,600Rs
per annum, appointed Court Inspector at Shimla, and Provincial Darbari,
married and had issue. He died after 1890.
- Sardar Narain Singh, educated at M.B. School,
- Sardar Sher Singh, born 1846, married and had
issue, two sons. He died 1888.
- Sardar Sant Singh B.A., died spm in 1896.
- Sardar Sundar
Singh, together with his cousin he enjoys a Jagir of 3,600Rs
per annum, educated at the Government College, Lahore, married and had
- Arjan Singh Gargajj, born 1905 at
Tarn Taran, in Amritsar district of the Punjab, in 1905, he took part
in the Akali agitation launched in
1920, he was arrested in
April 1922 on a charge of publicly reciting a seditious poem and was
to jail for six months as the youngest Akali prisoner, he became a
member of the editorial staff of the Kirti, a
professedly leftist magazine, he was imprisoned for his anti government
writings in 1929 and, again, in 1930; after
briefly serving as sub-editor of the Babar Sher and chief editor of the
Cartoon, he joined the Akali as a sub-editor in 1935, author of three
published works, all in Punjabi, viz. Do Pair Ghatt Turna, Shahid
and Mera Apna Ap. He died 10th March 1963.